This research was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Justice awarded to the second author (2005-WG-BX-0003). The opinions expressed in this document are those of the authors and do not reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Justice.
Why rape survivors participate in the criminal justice system†
Version of Record online: 8 FEB 2010
© 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Community Psychology
Volume 38, Issue 2, pages 191–205, March 2010
How to Cite
Patterson, D. and Campbell, R. (2010), Why rape survivors participate in the criminal justice system. J. Community Psychol., 38: 191–205. doi: 10.1002/jcop.20359
- Issue online: 8 FEB 2010
- Version of Record online: 8 FEB 2010
After a rape, survivors may seek help from multiple community organizations including the criminal justice system (CJS). Research has found that few survivors report their assaults to the police and of those who do report, many withdraw their participation during the investigation. However, relatively little is known about the factors that lead survivors to participate in the CJS, and how other community services provided by forensic nurses or victim advocates may also help encourage survivor engagement. In the current study, 20 survivors who reported their victimizations to police within a large Midwest county were interviewed about the factors that influenced their involvement in the CJS. Further, we examined the role that the police, forensic nurses, and victim advocates played in their participation. Using qualitative analyses, our findings suggest that informal supports hold a strong role in the reporting process and formal supports are influential in survivors' engagement in the investigational process. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.