The study's aim was to develop a multidimensional model for the assessment of child maltreatment prevention readiness in low- and middle-income countries. The model was developed based on a conceptual review of relevant existing models and approaches, an international expert consultation, and focus groups in six countries. The final model comprises 10 dimensions: key country conditions; problem assessment; legislation, mandates, policies, and plans; will to address the problem; institutional links and intersectoral collaboration; institutional resources and efficiency; material resources; human and technical resources; informal social resources; and program implementation and evaluation. This model and the instrument being developed on the basis of it address an unmet need in the field of child maltreatment prevention and will help identify those dimensions of readiness that need to be increased to ensure the successful implementation of child maltreatment prevention programs. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.