ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSORS, SOCIAL SUPPORT, AND INTERNALIZING SYMPTOMS AMONG AFRICAN AMERICAN YOUTH
Article first published online: 10 JUN 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Community Psychology
Volume 41, Issue 5, pages 615–630, July 2013
How to Cite
McMahon, S. D., Coker, C. and Parnes, A. L. (2013), ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSORS, SOCIAL SUPPORT, AND INTERNALIZING SYMPTOMS AMONG AFRICAN AMERICAN YOUTH. J. Community Psychol., 41: 615–630. doi: 10.1002/jcop.21560
- Issue published online: 10 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 10 JUN 2013
The relations among chronic environmental stressors, social support, and anxiety and depressive symptoms among urban, African American youth are unclear. In this study, we test theoretical models of support and examine the specific relations between community violence exposure and neighborhood disadvantage and three types of anxiety symptoms as well as depressive symptoms. Participants included 188 African American youth in Grades 5 through 8 from 2 low-income urban schools. Results suggest victimization and neighborhood disadvantage were most significantly associated with symptoms, and in the context of these stressors, parent support was associated with fewer fear and concentration and depressive symptoms. Parent and friend support buffered the effects of stressors on depressive symptoms. These findings contribute to the literature in terms of testing specific stressor-psychopathology relations and theory-based social support models with urban, at-risk youth. Implications for intervention are discussed.