Transcriptional activation of the type I collagen genes COL1A1 and COL1A2 in fibroblasts by interleukin-4: Analysis of the functional collagen promoter sequences
Article first published online: 22 AUG 2003
Copyright © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Journal of Cellular Physiology
Volume 198, Issue 2, pages 248–258, February 2004
How to Cite
Büttner, C., Skupin, A. and Rieber, E. P. (2004), Transcriptional activation of the type I collagen genes COL1A1 and COL1A2 in fibroblasts by interleukin-4: Analysis of the functional collagen promoter sequences. J. Cell. Physiol., 198: 248–258. doi: 10.1002/jcp.10395
- Issue published online: 28 OCT 2003
- Article first published online: 22 AUG 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 JUN 2003
- Manuscript Received: 18 MAR 2002
- Federal Ministry of Education and Research
- Center of Clinical Research of the Medical Faculty of the Technical University Carl Gustav Carus Dresden. Grant Number: 01ZZ9604
Pneumonitis followed by lung fibrosis is a frequent complication of radiation therapy of chest tumors. A hallmark of these fibrotic lesions is the excessive production and accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins such as type I collagen. In addition to TGF-β1, IL-4 has been recognized as a potent inducer of collagen gene synthesis in fibroblasts. In this study, we analyzed the regulation of the α1(I) procollagen (COL1A1) promoter and the α2(I) procollagen (COL1A2) promoter by IL-4 in normal human lung fibroblasts. We provide evidence that the IL-4-induced transcriptional activator STAT6 binds to various sequences within the COL1A1 and COL1A2 promoter. The regulatory function of these regions was tested by reporter gene analysis using 5′ deletions of the COL1A1 and COL1A2 promoter fused to the luciferase gene. Interleukin-4 treatment of human fibroblasts transiently transfected with COL1A1 promoter deletion constructs resulted in luciferase activity exceeding that of untreated fibroblasts by 25%, while luciferase activity driven by the COL1A2 promoter was enhanced by about 70% upon IL-4 treatment. A combined action of SP1, NFκB, and STAT6 essentially contributes to the IL-4 mediated COL1A2 gene activation. An AP2 site adjacent to the reverse orientated STAT6 consensus motif TTC N3/4 GCT is located within 205 bases from the transcription start site and seems to support the moderate IL-4-induced COL1A1 gene activation. Interferon-γ downregulation of transcription is mainly seen with the COL1A1 promoter. J. Cell. Physiol. 198: 248–258, 2004© 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.