Adsorption of Sendai virus to HeLa cells induced in them an increased permeability to K+, Na+, Ca++, deoxyglucose, but not to fluorescein. The stimulation of uptake of 42K was temperature-dependent, did not occur below 15°C, and was not inhibited by ouabain.

The virus-induced increase in the uptake and release of 42K and of 3H deoxyglucose could not be mimicked by treatment of cells with linoleic acid, a procedure which increased the fluidity of the cellular membranes. The stimulatory effect of 0.5 mM ATP on the release of deoxyglucose was enhanced several fold in the presence of Sendai virus. These results seem to indicate the possible involvement of membranal enzymes such as e.g. protein kinase in the permeability changes induced by Sendai virus.