Isolation by a replica-plating technique of chinese hamster temperature-sensitive cell cycle mutants

Authors

  • Joseph Hirschberg,

    1. Department ot Genetics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Current affiliation:
    1. MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824
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  • Menashe Marcus

    Corresponding author
    1. Department ot Genetics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    • Department ot Genetics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
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Abstract

Isolation of a wide variety of temperature-sensitive (ts) cell cycle mutants in mammalian cells has previously proved to be a very difficult task. The various procedures used for the isolation of such mutants included a mutant enrichment step based on exposure of the cells to the restrictive temperatures in order to kill the growing wild-type cells with agents that kill DNA-synthesizing cells. Hence, these methods favored the isolation of ts mutants that do not lose viability rapidly at the restrictive temperatures, We have treated cells of the Chinese hamster established cell line E36 with the mutagen ethyl-methane-sulfonate (EMS) and used a replicaplating technique that we developed to screen the ts mutants for growth. This technique enabled us to recover all ts mutants for growth including the ts cell cycle mutants. Screening of the ts cell cycle mutants among the ts mutants for growth was performed by the flow microfluorimetry technique and the premature chromosome condensation technique. Our results show that 1.3% of the survivors of the mutagenic treatment are ts mutants for growth. Six of 84 ts mutants analyzed were found to be ts cell cycle mutants. They include ts mutants arrested in phases G1, S, and G2. Many of the ts mutants for growth including the ts cell cycle mutants arrested in S and G2 lose viability very fast when incubated at the restrictive temperature. As a consequence they could not have been isolated by any method that includes a mutant enrichment step based on the exposure of the cells to the restrictive temperature.

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