Signal transduction during liver regeneration: Role of insulin and vasopressin



The relationship between cell proliferation and inositol lipid turnover has been studied by comparing the steady state of inositol derivative metabolism in quiescent and regenerating rat hepatocytes isolated at 4 h (G1 phase of first cell cycle) and 24 h (onset of M phase) after partial hepatectomy. The effect of two hormones able to regulate hepatic regeneration, insulin and vasopressin, has been considered, and the results can be summarized as follows: (i) at 4 h after partial hepatectomy, the precursor incorporation into inositol polyphosphates and the particulate phospholipase C activity increase with respect to quiescent hepatocytes, whereas the content of I1,4,5P3 does not change, suggesting an increased turnover of this molecule in this step of cell cycle priming; (ii) 24 h after partial hepatectomy, the radioactivity linked to IP3 and IP4, as well as soluble and particulate phospholipase C activity, and IP3 content increase, suggesting the presence, at the onset of M phase, of second messenger accumulation; (iii) only 24 h after partial hepatectomy, the inositol derivative metabolism is affected by vasopressin; and (iv) insulin exerts a modulatory role on inositol polyphosphate production without involving membrane-bound PLC activity or phosphoinositide hydrolysis. These data suggest that inositol-derived signal molecules are associated with hepatic regneration; moreover, the metabolic pathway of such compounds seems to be regulated so that only specific inositol phosphates are present in each step of the cell cycle. © 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.