Transforming growth factor-beta, basic fibroblast growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor-BB interact to affect proliferation of clonally derived porcine satellite cells

Authors

  • Douglas R. Cook,

    1. Department of Animal Science, Growth Biology Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824
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  • Matthew E. Doumit,

    1. Department of Animal Science, Growth Biology Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824
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  • Robert A. Merkel

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Animal Science, Growth Biology Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824
    2. Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Growth Biology Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824
    • Department of Animal Science, Growth Biology Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824
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Abstract

Transforming growth factor beta-1 (1GF-β) stimulated porcine satellite cell proliferation in basal serum-free medium by 25%, but inhibited growth in serumcontaining medium by 58%. The effect of TGF-β on cell proliferation in serumfree medium was examined in combination with the following human recombinant growth factors: platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), and epidermal growth factor (EGF). TGF-β inhibited PDGF-stimulated proliferation, enhanced FGF-stimulated proliferation, and had no effect on proliferation stimulated by IGF-I. The response of satellite cells to EGF and TGF-β in serum-free medium was not different than TGF-β alone. TGF-β depressed proliferation stimulated by the following combinations of two growth factors: PDGF and IGF-I, PDGF and EGF, PDGF and FGF, and IGF-I and EGF. In combination with IGF-I and FGF, TGF-β did not affect proliferation. TGF-β inhibited proliferation stimulated by the combination of PDGF, EGF, and IGF-I, but had no effect on proliferation stimulated by combinations of three growth factors that included FGF. FGF stimulated proliferation in Minimum Essential Medium containing 10% porcine serum (MEM-10% PS) by 13% above control. When the combination of TGF-β and FGF was added to MEM-10% PS, a 78% increase in proliferation was observed. Polyclonal antihuman PDGF-AB (this form neutralizes PDGF-AA, AB, and BB) reduced proliferation in MEM-10% PS by 44%. The combination of TGF-β and anti-PDGF-AB reduced proliferation by 59%, indicating the effects were not additive. These data indicate that: (1) FGF and TGF-β interact to increase proliferation of clonally derived porcine satellite cells, and (2) the inhibitory effect of TGF-β on proliferation of clonally derived porcine satelite cells can be primarily attributed to a reduction in the mitogenic effects of PDGF. © 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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