We have shown previously that responses to lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in Xenopus oocytes exhibit pronounced rapid homologous desensitization mediated by Go family of G-proteins (Itzhaki-Van Ham et al., 2004, J Cell Physiol, 200: 125–133). The present study was aimed at examining the involvement of Go G-proteins in rapid heterologous desensitization of native and expressed G-protein-coupled receptors in Xenopus oocytes. Threshold stimulation of the native lysophosphatidic acid receptors (LPA-Rs) induced about 50% rapid desensitization of responses evoked by stimulation of either native trypsin or expressed M1-muscarinic cholinergic receptors (M1-Rs). Similarly, threshold stimulation of expressed M1-Rs or thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptors induced 40% rapid desensitization of responses to LPA. Inactivation of all Gi/o G-proteins with pertussis toxin (PTX) completely abolished rapid heterologous desensitization in all protocols. Depletion of either Gαo or Gαo1 by antisense oligodeoxynucleotides targeted at either member of the Gαo family decreased or completely abolished rapid heterologous desensitization. Expression of two dominant negative mutants of the human Gαo family, highly homologous to oocyte Gαo species, either decreased or virtually abolished rapid desensitization. Homologous and heterologous desensitizations of the LPA response were non-additive and proceeded, apparently, via the same pathway. We conclude that Go G-proteins mediate both homologous and heterologous rapid desensitization of responses mediated by G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) coupled to the phosphoinositide phospholipase C-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-Ca2+ (PI-PLC-InsP3-Ca2+) pathway in Xenopus oocytes. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.