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Junctional adhesion molecule-A regulates cell migration and resistance to shear stress

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Abstract

Junctional adhesion molecule-A (JAM-A) is an adhesive protein expressed in endothelial cells, epithelial cells, platelets, and some leukocytes. JAM-A localizes to the tight junctions between contacting endothelial and epithelial cells, where it contributes to cell–cell adhesion and to the control of paracellular permeability. JAM-A also regulates cell motility, even though the quantitative biophysical features have not been characterized. In this study, we evaluated the role of JAM-A in the regulation of cell motility using JAM-A-expressing and JAM-A-deficient murine endothelial cells. We report that, in the absence of shear stress, JAM-A absence increases cell motility by increasing directional persistence but not cell speed. In addition, in the presence of shear stress, JAM-A absence increases protrusion extension in the direction of flow and increased downstream cellular displacement (while, conversely, decreasing upstream displacement). All these effects of JAM-A absence are mitigated by the microtubule-stabilizing compound taxol. A motility- and microtubule-related function, integrin-mediated adhesiveness, was only slightly reduced in JAM-A-deficient cells compared with JAM-A-expressing cells. However, overexpression of JAM-A in the JAM-A-deficient cells increased integrin adhesiveness to the same levels as those observed in taxol-treated JAM-A-deficient cells. Taken together, these data indicate that JAM-A regulates cell motility by cooperating with microtubule-stabilizing pathways. J. Cell. Physiol. 209: 122–130, 2006. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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