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Keywords:

  • long-acting risperidone;
  • D2 receptor occupancy;
  • prolactin levels

Abstract

RBP-7000 is a sustained-release (once-monthly injection for subcutaneous administration) formulation of risperidone using the ATRIGEL® Delivery System, developed for treatment of schizophrenia to address compliance issues associated with oral administration. The objective of this analysis was to report the results of a population pharmacokinetic analysis and to describe the relationship between risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone levels with dopamine (DA) D2-receptor occupancy, prolactin levels, and adverse events using data collected in 45 clinically stable schizophrenic patients receiving RBP-7000 in single ascending doses (risperidone) of 60, 90, and 120 mg. The population PK model accounted for an initial peak, a delayed and slow delivery, the disposition of risperidone, and the conversion of risperidone to 9-hydroxyrisperidone. BMI was a covariate affecting absorption of risperidone and ultimately formation of 9-hydroxyrisperidone. A logistic analysis indicated a correlation between the increase in Active Moiety (risperidone + 9-OH-risperidone) exposure (Cmax) and the probability of observing GI disorders. An Emax population PK/prolactin model best described the relationship between the circulating Active Moiety and the serum prolactin levels. Gender was a significant covariate associated with Emax. These data provided a comprehensive characterization of the relationship between circulating Active Moiety and the efficacy/safety profile of RBP-7000 in clinically stable schizophrenic patients.