• canakinumab;
  • pharmacokinetics;
  • pharmacodynamics;
  • gouty arthritis patients;
  • immunogenicity


Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the anti-interleukin (IL)-1β monoclonal antibody, canakinumab, in gouty arthritis patients from three studies are reported. Canakinumab has low serum clearance (0.214 L/day), low steady-state volume of distribution (7.44 L), a 25.8-day half-life, and approximately 60% subcutaneous absolute bioavailability in a typical 93-kg patient. Creatinine clearance had a small positive impact on serum canakinumab clearance that is not likely to be clinically relevant. Binding to circulating IL-1β was demonstrated by increases in total serum IL-1β following canakinumab dosing. Total IL-1β kinetics and canakinumab pharmacokinetics were characterized by a population-based pharmacokinetic-binding model, where the estimated apparent in vivo dissociation constant (signifying binding affinity of canakinumab to circulating IL-1β) was 0.99 nmol/L in gouty arthritis patients. Canakinumab treatment provided rapid, sustained decreases in C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A, provided superior pain relief to triamcinolone acetonide, and increased time to first recurrent attack (P ≤ 0.01 favoring all canakinumab doses vs. triamcinolone acetonide).