Comparative studies of Oryza sativa L. husk and chitosan as lead adsorbent

Authors

  • Mohamed Mohamed Daud Zulkali,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Penang, Malaysia
    • School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Penang, Malaysia
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  • Abdul Latif Ahmad,

    1. School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Penang, Malaysia
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  • Nor Hadi Norulakmal,

    1. School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Penang, Malaysia
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  • Nor Sulaiman Sharifah

    1. School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Penang, Malaysia
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Abstract

The adsorption capacity of two low-cost adsorbents, Oryza sativa L. husk and chitosan, was studied. Lead solution was used as the adsorbate. The effect of initial lead concentration, pH, temperature, weight of adsorbent, particle size and contact time on lead uptake was investigated. It was found that the isotherm data were well described by the Freundlich isotherm for both adsorbents. The adsorption capacities of rice husk and chitosan were 5.69 and 8.31 mg g−1, respectively. It was shown that chitosan was more effective than rice husk. Copyright © 2005 Society of Chemical Industry

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