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Optimization of inulinase production by solid-state fermentation in a packed-bed bioreactor



BACKGROUND: This work is focused on inulinase production by solid-sate fermentation (SSF) using sugarcane bagasse, corn steep liquor (CSL), pre-treated cane molasses, and soybean bran as substrates in a 3-kg (dry basis) packed-bed bioreactor. SSF was carried out by the yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus NRRL Y-7571 and response surface methodology was used to optimize the temperature, air flow rate and initial mass of cells.

RESULTS: The optimum inulinase activity (436.7 ± 36.3 U g−1 dry substrate) was obtained at 24 h at an inlet air temperature of 30 °C, air flow rate 2.2 m3 h−1 and 22 g of cells for fermentation. Inulinase productivity at these conditions was 18.2 U gds−1 h−1. Kinetic evaluation at the optimized conditions showed that the maximum inulinase production was verified at 24 h of fermentation. The carbon dioxide and the metabolic heat generation are directly associated with the consumption of total reducing sugars present in the medium.

CONCLUSION: The high productivity achieved in this work shows the technical viability of inulinase production by SSF in a packed-bed bioreactor. Copyright © 2009 Society of Chemical Industry