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Enhanced biodegradation of 2-chloronitro-benzene using a coupled zero-valent iron column and sequencing batch reactor system



BACKGROUND: This study focused on the effectiveness of the zero-valent iron (ZVI) pre-treatment for enhancing the biodegradability of 2-chloronitrobenzene (2-ClNB), and further to evaluate the performance and mechanism of a coupled ZVI column–sequencing batch reactor (SBR) system treating 2-ClNB contained wastewater.

RESULTS: 2-ClNB was readily transformed into 2-chloroaniline (2-ClAn) with the efficiency over 99.9% by ZVI column, and its biodegradability was significantly enhanced via ZVI pretreatment. The transformed effluent was subsequently fed into the SBR followed by 2-ClAn loading of 3.4–117.2 g m−3 d−1 and COD loading around 1000 g m−3 d−1. A 2-ClAn removal efficiency over 99.9% and COD removal efficiency of 82.0–98.1% were obtained. Moreover, 91.9 ± 0.1% TOC removal efficiency and 107.1 ± 6.0% chloride recovery efficiency during one cycle confirmed the complete biodegradation of 2-ClAn in the coupled system. 16S rDNA PCR-DGGE analysis suggested that ZVI pretreatment enhanced the diversity of the microbial community and promoted enrichment of the functional microorganisms degrading 2-ClAn in the following SBR.

CONCLUSION: ZVI pretreatment significantly enhanced the biodegradability of 2-ClNB, and the coupled ZVI–SBR system demonstrated excellent performance when treating wastewater containing 2-ClNB. Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry

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