Pulse temporal characterization is a fundamental task when operating a Ti:Sapphire ultrafast laser system for multiphoton microscopy applications. In the present report, an ultracompact autocorrelator setup and a simple procedure is reported to perform pulse width measurements at the focal plane of the microscope objective without the need of any further instrumentation, aside from a few optical elements, since the confocal microscope, detection, data acquisition, processing, and displaying capabilities are used. Microsc. Res. Tech. 63:27–33, 2004. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.