Novel lambda FRET spectral confocal microscopy imaging method
Article first published online: 10 SEP 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Microscopy Research and Technique
Volume 72, Issue 1, pages 1–11, January 2009
How to Cite
Megías, D., Marrero, R., del Peso, B. M., García, M. Á., Bravo-Cordero, J.-J., García-Grande, A., Santos, A. and Montoya, M. C. (2009), Novel lambda FRET spectral confocal microscopy imaging method. Microsc. Res. Tech., 72: 1–11. doi: 10.1002/jemt.20633
- Issue published online: 15 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 10 SEP 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 JUL 2008
- Manuscript Received: 4 JUL 2008
- Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias. Grant Number: FIS PI061839
- Ministry of Science and Technology of Spain
We report a highly specific, sensitive, and robust method for analyzing fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) based on spectral laser scanning confocal microscopy imaging. The lambda FRET (λFRET) algorithm comprises imaging of a FRET sample at multiple emission wavelengths rendering a FRET spectrum, which is separated into its donor and acceptor components to obtain a pixel-based calculation of FRET efficiency. The method uses a novel off-line precalibration procedure for spectral bleed-through correction based on the acquisition of reference reflection images, which simplifies the method and reduces variability. λFRET method was validated using structurally characterized FRET standards with variable linker lengths and stoichiometries designed for this purpose. λFRET performed better than other well-established methods, such as acceptor photobleaching and sensitized emission-based methods, in terms of specificity, reproducibility, and sensitivity to distance variations. Moreover, λFRET analysis was unaffected by high fluorochrome spectral overlap and cellular autofluorescence. The λFRET method demonstrated outstanding performance in intra- and intermolecular FRET analysis in both fixed and live cell imaging studies. Microsc. Res. Tech., 2009. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.