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Morphology of immature stages of Dohrniphora cornuta (Bigot) (Diptera: Phoridae)

Authors

  • Dian-Xing Feng,

    1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Urban Integrated Pest Management and Ecological Security, College of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Shenyang University, Shenyang 110044, China
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  • Guang-Chun Liu

    Corresponding author
    1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Urban Integrated Pest Management and Ecological Security, College of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Shenyang University, Shenyang 110044, China
    • Liaoning Key Laboratory of Urban Integrated Pest Management and Ecological Security, Shenyang University, No. 21, Wanghua South Street, Dadong District, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

Morphology of all larval instars and puparium of Dohrniphora cornuta (Bigot), a most common phorid fly species indoors in China, is presented using scanning electron microscopy. The first instar larva was composed of 12 segments, each of segments 3–11 with six slender tubercles situated dorsally, dorsolaterally, and laterally in transverse row. These tubercles divided into two segments, of which the basal one was smooth, and the brush-shaped distal one was comprised of a cluster of fine spines. Antennae and maxillary palp complex were visible. Two slits could be seen at the posterior spiracle. Besides the presence of anterior spiracle, the tubercles of second instar became stouter than those of first instar and were covered by numerous long bristles from the base to top. The posterior spiracle contained four slits. Third larval instar was similar to second instar. The bubble membrane comprised of ≈120 globules with a pointed tip on their top presented at the segment 5 of third instar larvae. Puparia showed a retracted cephalic region and a pair of distinct pupal respiratory horns on the dorsum. The respiratory horns were long and bore numerous branches from base to apex. The apex of branch with two longitudinal slits was relatively broad and curled dorsally. Microsc. Res. Tech. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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