SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Adams DS, Crawford TB, Klevjer-Anderson P. 1980. A pathogenetic study of the early connective tissue lesions of viral caprine arthritis-encephalitis. Am J Pathol 99:257278.
  • Alasaarela E, Suramo I, Tervonen O, Lähde S, Takalo R, Hakala M. 1998. Evaluation of humeral head erosions in rheumatoid arthritis: A comparison of ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography and plain radiography. Br J Rheumatol 37:11521156.
  • Alonge TO, Rooney P, Oni OO. 2005. The ultrastructure of the periarticular osteophytes—An evaluation by scanning electron microscopy. West Afr J Med 24:147150.
  • Alvarez V, Arranz J, Daltabuit-Test M, Leginagoikoa I, Juste RA, Amorena B, De Andres D, Lujan L, Badiola JJ, Berriatua E. 2005. Relative contribution of colostrum from maedi–visna virus (MVV) infected ewes to MVV-seroprevalence in lambs. Res Vet Sci 78:237243.
  • Azarias REGR, Ambrósio CE, Martins DS, Oliveira VL, Benetti E, Ferreira JR, Miglino MA. 2006. Estruturamorfológica dos dentes do bicho preguiça de coleira (Bradypus torquatus) Illiger, 1858. Biotemas 19:7384.
  • Banks KL, Jutila MA, Jacobs CA, Michaels FH. 1989. Augmentation of lymphocyte and macrophage proliferation by caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus contributes to the development of progressive arthritis. Rheumatol Int 9:123128.
  • Besse JL, Brito N, Lienhart C. 2009. Clinical evaluation and radiographic assessment of bone lysis of the AES total ankle replacement. Foot Ankle Int 30:964975.
  • Boegard T, Rudling O, Petersson IF, Jonsson K. 1998. Correlation between radiographically diagnosed osteophytes and magnetic resonance detected cartilage defects in the tibiofemoral joint. Ann Rheum Dis 57:401407.
  • Brandt KD, Mankin HJ. 1993. Pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. In: Kelley WN, Harris ED, Ruddy S, Sledge CB, editors. Textbook of rheumatology, 4th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. pp. 13551384.
  • Callado AKC, Castro RS, Teixeira MFS. 2001. Lentivírus de pequenos ruminantes (CAEV e MAEDI-VISNA): revisão e perspectiva. Pesq Vet Bras 21:8797.
  • Carty SM, Snowden N, Silman AJ. 2004. Should infection still be considered as the most likely triggering factor for rheumatoid arthritis? Ann Rheum Dis 63:4649, Suppl 2.
  • Changoor A, Nelea M, Méthot S, Tran-Khanh N, Chevrier A, Restrepo A, Shive MS, Hoemann CD, Buschmann MD. 2011. Structural characteristics of the collagen network in human normal, degraded and repair articular cartilages observed in polarized light and scanning electron microscopies. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 19:14581468.
  • Clark JM. 1985. The organization of collagen in cryofractured rabbit articular cartilage: A scanning electron microscopic study. J Orthop Res 3:1729.
  • Crawford TB, Adams DS, Cheevers WP, Cork LC. 1980. Chronic arthritis in goats caused by a retrovirus. Science 207:997999.
  • Cush JJ, Lipsky PE. 1991. Cellular basis for rheumatoid inflammation. Clin Orthop Relat Res 265:922.
  • de Souza KC, Pinheiro RR, Santos DO, de Brito RLL, Rodrigues PS, Sider LH, Paula NRO, Avila AA, Cardoso JFS, Andrioli A. 2013. Transmission of the caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus through artificial insemination. Small Rum Res 109:193198.
  • Feldmann M, Brennan FM, Maini RN.1996. Role of cytokines in rheumatoid arthritis. Annu Rev Immunol 14:397440.
  • Gjerset B, Rimstad E, Teige J, Soetaert K, Jonassen CM. 2009. Impact of natural sheep-goat transmission on detection and control of small ruminant lentivirus group C infections. Vet Microbiol 135:231238.
  • Gregory L, Lara MCCSH, Villalobos EMC, Hasegawa MY, Castro RS, Rodrigues JNM, Araujo J, Keller LW, Durigon EL. 2009. Detecção do vírus da artrite encefalite caprina em amostras de leite de cabras pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) e NESTED-PCR. ARS Veterinária 25:142146.
  • Hughes LC, Archer CW, Gwynn IAP. 2005. The ultrastructure of mouse articular cartilage: Collagen orientation and implications for tissue functionality. A polarised light and scanning electron microscope study and review. Eur Cell Mater 9:6884.
  • Huang J, Sun Y, Liu Y, Xiao H, Zhuang S. 2012. Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for rapid detection of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus proviral DNA. Arch Virol 157:14631469.
  • Hunter DJ, Lo GH, Gale D, Grainger AJ, Guermazi A, Conaghan PG. 2008. The reliability of a new scoring system for knee osteoarthritis MRI and the validity of bone marrow lesion assessment: BLOKS (Boston Leeds Osteoarthritis Knee Score). Ann Rheum Dis 67:206211.
  • Konish M, Tsuduku S, Haritani M, Murakami K, Tsuboi T, Kobayashi C, Yoshikama K, Kimura KM, Sentsui H. 2004. An epidemic of caprine arthritis encephalitis in Japan: Isolation of the virus. J Vet Med Sci 66:911917.
  • Lamara A, Fieni F, Chatagnon G, Larrat M, Dubreil L, Chebloune Y. 2013. Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) replicates productively in cultured epididymal cells from goats. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 36:397404.
  • Leitner G, Krifucks O, Weisblit L, Lavi Y, Bernstein S, Merin U. 2010. The effect of caprine arthritis encephalitis virus infection on production in goats Vet J 183:328331.
  • Leyva Grado VH, Martínez Rodríguez HA, González Rodríguez MG, Cornejo Cortés MA, Rosales ME, Garrido Fariña G, Rojas Morales ML, González Pozos S, Montaraz Crespo JA.1998. Identification of caprine arthritis encephalitis vírus using histopathological, immunohistichemica and ultrastructural examination of tissues from seropositive goats in Mexico. Rev Latinoam Microbiol 40:3338.
  • Li B, Aspden RM. 1997. Mechanical and material properties of the subchondral bone plate from the femoral head of patients with osteoarthritis or osteoporosis. Ann Rheum Dis 56:247254.
  • Lima PP, Rocha, MA, Stancek D, Gouveia AMG, Oliveira GDR. 2004. Vírus da artrite encefalite caprina: isolamento e caracterização de parte do gene gag. Arq Bras Med Vet e Zootec 56:135142.
  • Martínez-Navalón B, Peris C, Gómez EA, Peris B, Roche ML, Caballero C, Goyena E, Berriatua E. Quantitative estimation of the impact of caprine arthritis encephalitis virus infection on milk production by dairy goats. Vet J 2013;197:311317.
  • Moojen V, Soares HC, Ravazzolo AP. 1986. Serological evidence of lentivirus (maedi-visna\caprine arthritis encephalitis) in goats in Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil. Arq Facul Vet Ufrgs 14:7778.
  • Moskowitz RW, Davis W, Sanmarco J, Martens M; Baker J, Mayor M, Burnstein AH, Frankel VH. 1973. Experimentally induced degenerative joint lesions following partial meniscectomy in the rabbit. Arthritis Rheum 16:397405.
  • Murdin L, Patel S, Walmsley J, Yeoh LH. 2008. Hearing difficulties are common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Clin Rheumatol 27:637640.
  • Narayan O, Cork LC. 1990. Caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus. In: Dinter Z, Morein B, editors. Virus infections of ruminants. The Netherlands: Elsevier Science. pp. 441452.
  • Ozcan M, Karakuş MF, Gündüz OH, Tuncel U, Sahin H. 2002. Hearing loss and middle ear involvement in rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatol Int 22:1619.
  • Pelletier JP, Martel-Pelletier J. 1993. The patophysiology of osteoarthritis and the implication of the use of hyaluronan and hylan as therapeutic agents in viscosupplementation. J Rheumatol Suppl 39:1924.
  • Pinheiro RR, Egito AS, Santa-Rosa J. 1989. Artrite encefalite caprina viral (CAEV). EMBRAPA-CNPC 19:5. (EMBRAPA-CNPC. Comunicado Técnico).
  • Pretorius E, Oberholzer HM, van der Spuy WJ, Swanepoel AC, Soma P. 2012. Scanning electron microscopy of fibrin networks in rheumatoid arthritis: A qualitative analysis. Rheumatol Int 32:16111615.
  • Ravazzolo AP, Nenci C, Vogt HR, Waldvogel A, Obexer-Ruff G, Peterhans E, Bertoni G. 2006. Viral load, organ distribution, histopathological lesions, and cytokine mRNA expression in goats infected with a molecular clone of the caprine arthritis encephalitis virus. Virology 350:116127.
  • Redler I, Zimny ML. 1970. Scanning electron microscopy of normal and abnormal articular cartilage and synovium. J Bone Joint Surg Am 52:13951404.
  • Sakata K, Furumatsu T, Miyazawa S, Okada Y, Fujii M, Ozaki T. 2013. Comparison between normal and loose fragment chondrocytes in proliferation and redifferentiation potential. Int Orthop 37:159165.
  • Sproule JA, Chin T, Amin A, Daniels T, Younger AS, Boyd G, Glazebrook MA. 2013. Clinical and radiographic outcomes of the mobility total ankle arthroplasty system: Early results from a prospective multicenter study. Foot Ankle Int 34:491497.
  • Thompson R, Vener MJ, Griffiths HJ, Lewis JL, Oegema TR, Wallace L. 1993. Scanning electron-microscopic and magnetic resonance-imaging studies of injuries to patellofemoral joint after acute transarticular loading. J Bone and Joint Surg Am 75:704713.
  • Vandeweerd JM, Hontoir F, Kirschvink N, Clegg P, Nisolle JF, Antoine N, Gustin P. 2013. Prevalence of naturally occurring cartilage defects in the ovine knee. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 21:11251131.
  • White SN, Knowles DP. 2013. Expanding possibilities for intervention against small ruminant lentiviruses through genetic marker-assisted selective breeding. Viruses 14:14661499.
  • Wilder RL. 1994. Hypothesis for retroviral causation of rheumatoid arthritis. Curr Opin Rheumatol 6:295299.
  • Zilkens C, Miese FR, Crumbiegel C, Kim YJ, Herten M, Antoch G, Krauspe R, Bittersohl B. 2013. Magnetic resonance imaging and histology of ovine hip joint cartilage in two age populations: A sheep model with assumed healthy cartilage. Skeletal Radiol 42:699705.