Eye factors and lens-forming transformations of outer cornea in Xenopus laevis larvae



Outer cornea of lensectomized Xenopus laevis tadpoles at state 50 (according to Nieuwkoop, P.D. and Faber, J., ('56) Normal Table of Xenopus laevis, Daudin, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 1–243) was removed 3, 7 and 10 days after lensectomy and implanted between the outer and the inner cornea of larvae of the same species at stage 51–52. In these conditions, the implanted outer cornea remained isolated from the retinal factor of the vitreous chamber, although it received the nutritional factors normally reaching the outer cornea. Results show that lens-forming transformation process of the outer cornea is arrested, and lens-forming structures undergo regression at speed which increases with increasing precocity of the stage of lens-forming transformation undergone by the implanted cornea. These data suggest that the process of lens-forming transformation is not a single-step process, but a sequence of interactions extending over a long period of time requiring the continuous presence of the retinal factor in the vitreous chamber until complete differentiation of the lens is achieved.