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Cloning of Skeletal Myosin Heavy Chain Gene Family From Adult Pleopod Muscle and Whole Larvae of Shrimps

Authors

  • HIROKI KOYAMA,

    1. Laboratory of Marine Biochemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Current affiliation:
    1. Kitasato University School of Marine Bioscience, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan
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  • SANIT PIYAPATTANAKORN,

    1. Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
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  • SHUGO WATABE

    Corresponding author
    1. Kitasato University School of Marine Bioscience, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan
    • Laboratory of Marine Biochemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
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Correspondence to: Shugo Watabe, Kitasato University School of Marine Bioscience, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0373, Japan.

E-mail: swatabe@kitasato-u.ac.jp

ABSTRACT

The physiological and biological properties of skeletal muscle in crustacea have not been well understood compared with those of vertebrates. The present study focused on myosin, the major protein in skeletal muscle, from shrimps. In our previous study, two full-length genes encoding myosin heavy chain (MHC), a large subunit of the myosin molecule, were cloned from abdominal fast skeletal muscle of kuruma Marsupenaeus japonicus, black tiger Penaeus monodon and Pacific white Penaeus vannamei shrimps, and named as MHCa and MHCb. In this study, we renamed these as MHC1 and MHC2, respectively, due to the presence of various isoforms newly identified. Partial MHC sequences were identified from pleopod muscle of these shrimps. Two MHCs, named MHC3 and MHC4, were identified from pleopod muscle of kuruma shrimp, whereas two MHCs, named MHC4 and MHC5, were cloned from Pacific white shrimp pleopod. MHC3 was cloned only from black tiger shrimp pleopod. Partial MHC sequences from zoea, mysis, and postlarvae of black tiger and Pacific white shrimps were also determined. The phylogenetic tree demonstrated that most MHCs from pleopod muscle and larval MHCs formed clades with MHC1 and MHC2, respectively. These MHCs were considered to be of fast type, since MHC1 and MHC2 are fast-type MHCs according to our previous study. MHC5 obtained from pleopod muscle of Pacific white shrimp in this study was monophyletic with American lobster Homarus americanus S2 slow tonic MHC previously reported, indicating that MHC5 from Pacific white shrimp is of slow type. J. Exp. Zool. 319A:268–276, 2013. © 2013 © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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