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Abstract

The analysis of the publicly available Hox gene sequences from the sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus provides evidence that the Hox clusters in lampreys and other vertebrate species arose from independent duplications. In particular, our analysis supports the hypothesis that the last common ancestor of agnathans and gnathostomes had only a single Hox cluster which was subsequently duplicated independently in the two lineages. J. Exp. Zool. (Mol. Dev. Evol.) 299B:18–25, 2003. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.