In mouse models of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) functions administered systemically completely block retinal neovascularization. In contrast, selective ocular VEGF depletion has achieved an approx. 50% inhibition of retinal neovascular growth. It is unclear whether a more complete inhibition of new blood vessel development can be obtained with an anti-VEGF therapy localized to the eye. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the effect of local anti-VEGF therapy in a different animal model which closely mimics human ROP.