Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Cover image for Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

June 2013

Volume 118, Issue 6

Pages 2761–3221

  1. Regular Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Regular Articles
    3. Correction
    1. Reduction of near-inertial energy through the dependence of wind stress on the ocean-surface velocity (pages 2761–2773)

      Willi Rath, Richard J. Greatbatch and Xiaoming Zhai

      Article first published online: 4 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20198

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      Key Points

      • Surface-velocity-dependent wind stress reduces near-inertial energy
      • Reduction of near-inertial energy by approx. 40 %
      • Effect inversely proportional to mixed-layer depth
    2. Rates and mechanisms of turbulent dissipation and mixing in the Southern Ocean: Results from the Diapycnal and Isopycnal Mixing Experiment in the Southern Ocean (DIMES) (pages 2774–2792)

      K. L. Sheen, J. A. Brearley, A. C. Naveira Garabato, D. A. Smeed, S. Waterman, J. R. Ledwell, M. P. Meredith, L. St. Laurent, A. M. Thurnherr, J. M. Toole and A. J. Watson

      Article first published online: 4 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20217

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      Key Points

      • Turbulence increases by an order of magnitude between SE Pacific & Scotia Sea
      • Lee waves play a pivotal role in Southern Ocean diapycnal mixing and circulation
      • 10-30 % of Southern Ocean predicted lee wave energy is dissipated locally
    3. Effects of solar penetration on the annual cycle of sea surface temperature in the North Pacific (pages 2793–2801)

      Xi Liang and Lixin Wu

      Article first published online: 10 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20208

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      Key Points

      • The solar penetration can improve the seasonal cycle of SST in model
      • The solar penetration forces significant changes in the atmosphere.
      • Our study points to the importance of the ecosystem in extratropical climate.
    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Instability of some equatorially trapped waves (pages 2802–2810)

      Adrian Constantin and Pierre Germain

      Article first published online: 10 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20219

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      Key Points

      • Instability investigation of some new waves.
      • The instability mechanism differs from that for Kelvin waves.
      • The Lagrangian flow is not explicitly available in the Eulerian representation.
    5. Entrainment-driven modulation of Southern Ocean mixed layer properties and sea ice variability in CMIP5 models (pages 2811–2827)

      Sally E. Close and Hugues Goosse

      Article first published online: 10 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20226

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      Key Points

      • CMIP5 models simulate significant mixed layer freshening in the RCP4.5 scenario
      • Entrainment and sea ice processes contribute strongly to this freshening
      • Atmospheric heating and entrainment dominate the mixed layer heat budget
    6. Dynamical responses of the west Pacific North Equatorial Countercurrent (NECC) system to El Niño events (pages 2828–2844)

      Jun Zhao, Yuanlong Li and Fan Wang

      Article first published online: 11 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20196

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      Key Points

      • The NECC shows large interannual variations in western Pacific.
      • ENSO events exert two contrasting types of impact on NECC system.
      • Decadal signals of the system are greatly enhanced since 1990s.
    7. Development of a variational data assimilation system for the diurnal cycle of sea surface temperature (pages 2845–2862)

      J. While and M. Martin

      Article first published online: 11 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20215

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      Key Points

      • A data assimilation system of diurnal SST has been developed and tested
      • Results from twin experiments show that the system improves diurnal SST.
    8. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Sea level rise and tidal power plants in the Gulf of Maine (pages 2863–2873)

      Holly E. Pelling and J. A. Mattias Green

      Article first published online: 11 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20221

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      Key Points

      • Tides in the Gulf of Maine are sensitive to tidal power extraction
      • The maximum power extraction is sensitive to sea level rise
      • The response to sea level rise depends on how it is implemented
    9. The source of the Canary current in fall 2009 (pages 2874–2891)

      M. Dolores Pérez-Hernández, Alonso Hernández-Guerra, Eugenio Fraile-Nuez, Isis Comas-Rodríguez, Verónica M. Benítez-Barrios, J. Francisco Domínguez-Yanes, Pedro Vélez-Belchí and Demetrio De Armas

      Article first published online: 11 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20227

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      Key Points

      • The source of the Canary Current in fall2009
      • Main currents distribution in the eastern boundary
      • Use of an inverse box model to obtain reference velocities
    10. Arctic-scale assessment of satellite passive microwave-derived snow depth on sea ice using Operation IceBridge airborne data (pages 2892–2905)

      Ludovic Brucker and Thorsten Markus

      Article first published online: 11 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20228

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      Key Points

      • First large scale assessment of the snow-depth-on-sea-ice algorithm
      • RMSE varies between 3-7 cm over smooth surface, and shallow snow depth (<20cm)
      • Error increases with the presence of low sea ice concentration, or multiyear ice
    11. Oceanographic observations at the shelf break of the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica (pages 2906–2918)

      Dziga P. Walker, Adrian Jenkins, Karen M. Assmann, Deborah R. Shoosmith and Mark A. Brandon

      Article first published online: 13 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20212

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      Key Points

      • Ocean properties and currents at the Amundsen Sea continental shelf edge
      • An eastward undercurrent at the shelf edge is identified
      • The undercurrent carries Circumpolar Deep Water onto the shelf via a trough
    12. An assessment of the skill of real-time models of Mid-Atlantic Bight continental shelf circulation (pages 2919–2933)

      John L. Wilkin and Elias J. Hunter

      Article first published online: 13 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20223

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      Key Points

      • Real-time models of Mid Atlantic Bight assessed with gliders and HF-radar data
      • Bias, RMS error and correlation quantified for inner and outer shelf, and season
      • Models with skill for coastal downscaling applications are identified
    13. Sea-level trends and interannual variability in the Caribbean Sea (pages 2934–2947)

      R. Ricardo Torres and Michael N. Tsimplis

      Article first published online: 13 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20229

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      Key Points

      • Sea-level trends in the Caribbean from tide gauges and altimetry are assessed
      • Oceanic circulation changes and land movements dominate coastal sea-level trends
      • Interannual sea level variability is influenced by ENSO at different scales
    14. Estimation of relative phycoerythrin concentrations from hyperspectral underwater radiance measurements––A statistical approach (pages 2948–2960)

      Bettina B. Taylor, Marc H. Taylor, Tilman Dinter and Astrid Bracher

      Article first published online: 14 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20201

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      Key Points

      • We present a statistical model to derive phycoerythrin concentrations
      • The model is based on in-situ phycoerythrin measurements
      • Empirical orthogonal function analysis of underwater radiance spectra
    15. Climate change projection of the Tasman Sea from an Eddy-resolving Ocean Model (pages 2961–2976)

      R. J. Matear, M. A. Chamberlain, C. Sun and M. Feng

      Article first published online: 14 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20202

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      Key Points

      • role of mesoscale resolution on a climate change projection
      • Mesoscale resolution alters upper ocean warming
      • mesoscale resolution increased primary productivity in oligotrophic water
    16. A model for partitioning the light absorption coefficient of suspended marine particles into phytoplankton and nonalgal components (pages 2977–2991)

      Guangming Zheng and Dariusz Stramski

      Article first published online: 14 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20206

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      Key Points

      • A model for partitioning the light absorption of marine particles was developed.
      • The model makes weakly restrictive assumptions involving inequality constraints.
      • Phytoplankton and detrital absorption is derived with good accuracy.
    17. Global ocean surface velocities from drifters: Mean, variance, El Niño–Southern Oscillation response, and seasonal cycle (pages 2992–3006)

      Rick Lumpkin and Gregory C. Johnson

      Article first published online: 14 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20210

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      Key Points

      • Global surface currents are calculated from drogued drifter velocities.
      • Time-mean, seasonal, ENSO-related, and eddy residual components are calculated.
      • The results of this study are available as a monthly climatology.
    18. Multiscale variability in the Balearic Sea: An altimetric perspective (pages 3007–3025)

      Evan Mason and Ananda Pascual

      Article first published online: 17 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20234

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      Key Points

      • Merged altimeter SLA data used to study variability in Balearic Sea.
      • Northern Current strongest in autumn at Ebre slope.
      • First time altimetry used to study variability across Balearic channels.
    19. Variability of the Atlantic off-equatorial eastward currents during 1993–2010 using a synthetic method (pages 3026–3045)

      Marlos Goes, Gustavo Goni, Verena Hormann and Renellys C. Perez

      Article first published online: 19 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20186

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      Key Points

      • Synthetic method is efficiently applied to monitor currents
      • The NECC and NEUC variability are linked to the meridional mode
      • The NECC overlaps with the NEUC during winter/spring
    20. Barotropic and deep-referenced baroclinic SSH variability derived from Pressure Inverted Echo Sounders (PIES) south of Africa (pages 3046–3058)

      M. Behnisch, A. Macrander, O. Boebel, J.-O. Wolff and J. Schröter

      Article first published online: 19 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20195

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      Key Points

      • High barotropic SSH anomalies between ACC jets and high baroclinic ones at jets
      • Time and space varying baroclinic and bartropic SSH contributions across the ACC
      • Gridded AVISO data correlates best with PIES derived SSH anomalies
    21. Hydrodynamics of spur and groove formations on a coral reef (pages 3059–3073)

      Justin S. Rogers, Stephen G. Monismith, Falk Feddersen and Curt D. Storlazzi

      Article first published online: 19 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20225

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      Key Points

      • Waves induce circulation cells on spur and groove formations
      • Simple scaling predicts how circulation varies w/ wave ht., etc.
      • Circulation is efficient when diffraction causes alongshore wave ht variation
    22. Analysis of the potential and limitations of microwave radiometry for the retrieval of sea surface temperature: Definition of MICROWAT, a new mission concept (pages 3074–3086)

      C. Prigent, F. Aires, F. Bernardo, J.-C. Orlhac, J.-M. Goutoule, H. Roquet and C. Donlon

      Article first published online: 19 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20222

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      Key Points

      • Low microwave frequencies are required for sea temperature estimate
      • Good spatial resolution requires large classical antennas or interferometers
      • SST can be obtained with 0.3K accuracy even under cloudy conditions
    23. Seasonal variability of light absorption properties and water optical constituents in Hudson Bay, Canada (pages 3087–3102)

      Hongyan Xi, Pierre Larouche, Shilin Tang and Christine Michel

      Article first published online: 19 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20237

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      Key Points

      • Seasonal variability in the light absorption was characterized
      • Phytoplankton biomass and absorption were remarkably low in summer.
      • Higher relative proportion of CDOM in absorption budget was found in summer.
    24. Estimating the volume and salt transports during a major inflow event in the Baltic Sea with the reanalysis of the hydrography based on 3DVAR (pages 3103–3113)

      Weiwei Fu

      Article first published online: 19 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20238

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      Key Points

      • The imbalance of 3DVAR was examined and used to validate the transport.
      • transport during a major inflow was estimated and compared in the Arkona Sea.
    25. Examining the global record of interannual variability in stratification and marine productivity in the low-latitude and mid-latitude ocean (pages 3114–3127)

      Apurva C. Dave and M. Susan Lozier

      Article first published online: 20 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20224

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      Key Points

      • Interannual subtropical stratification and chl variability are not correlated
      • Strong association in tropics may explain earlier reported global correlation
      • Upper ocean warming is accompanied by weaker stratification in places
      Corrected by:

      Correction: Correction to “Examining the global record of interannual variability in stratification and marine productivity in the low-and mid-latitude ocean”

      Vol. 119, Issue 3, 2121–2128, Article first published online: 21 MAR 2014

    26. Remote impacts of the 18.6 year period modulation of localized tidal mixing in the North Pacific (pages 3128–3137)

      S. Osafune and I. Yasuda

      Article first published online: 20 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20230

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      Key Points

      • The 18.6-year periods tidal cycle could influence large-scale SST.
      • Changes in mid-depth density could link tidal mixing to decadal climate.
      • East-ward moving low-mode long Rossby wave may play an important role.
    27. Tidally induced increases in melting of Amundsen Sea ice shelves (pages 3138–3145)

      Robin Robertson

      Article first published online: 20 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20236

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      Key Points

      • Tides can increase ice shelf melting by 1-3.5 m/yr, depending on latitude.
      • Tides can increase mixing and flow under ice shelves, depending on latitude.
      • Critical latitude shifts by wind influence tidal impacts on ice shelves.
    28. Satellite observations of turbidity in the Dead Sea (pages 3146–3160)

      R. Nehorai, I. M. Lensky, L. Hochman, I. Gertman, S. Brenner, A. Muskin and N. G. Lensky

      Article first published online: 21 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20204

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      Key Points

      • Remote sensing and Ground truth was developed to attain daily turbidity dynamics
      • Wave abrasion and flood events are observed in the Dead Sea
      • Clear relation between wind intensity, wave amplitude and water turbidity
    29. AVHRR, MODIS, and VIIRS radiometric stability and consistency in SST bands (pages 3161–3171)

      XingMing Liang and Alexander Ignatov

      Article first published online: 21 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20205

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      Key Points

      • The MICROS DD has an excellent potential to monitor BTs for cross-consistency.
      • AVHRR, MODIS, and VIIRS are generally stable and consistent.
      • Consistent RTM calculations are important for quantitative DD analyses
    30. Physical and biogeochemical properties in landfast sea ice (Barrow, Alaska): Insights on brine and gas dynamics across seasons (pages 3172–3189)

      Jiayun Zhou, Bruno Delille, Hajo Eicken, Martin Vancoppenolle, Frédéric Brabant, Gauthier Carnat, Nicolas-Xavier Geilfus, Tim Papakyriakou, Bernard Heinesch and Jean-Louis Tison

      Article first published online: 26 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20232

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      Key Points

      • The stages of the brine dynamics within sea ice over the full growth-decay cycle
      • Link between brine dynamics and ice-ocean exchanges of biogeochemical compounds
      • First scenario for inert gas entrapment and migration in sea ice
    31. Clarifying the link between surface salinity and freshwater fluxes on monthly to interannual time scales (pages 3190–3201)

      Nadya T. Vinogradova and Rui M. Ponte

      Article first published online: 27 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20200

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      Key Points

      • Ocean dynamics is an important component in SSS balance
      • SSS predicts only a small part of variability in freshwater flux
    32. Predicting wave-induced ripple equilibrium geometry (pages 3202–3220)

      Timothy Robert Nelson, George Voulgaris and Peter Traykovski

      Article first published online: 28 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20241

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      Key Points

      • Detailed evaluation of existing ripple predictors against published and new data
      • Development of a new wave-induced ripple equilibrium model
  2. Correction

    1. Top of page
    2. Regular Articles
    3. Correction
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