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Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

Cover image for Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

27 February 2011

Volume 116, Issue D4

Currently known as: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

  1. Climate and Dynamics

    1. Top of page
    2. Climate and Dynamics
    3. Composition and Chemistry
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      Long-term trends in Antarctic winter hydroxyl temperatures

      W. John R. French and A. R. Klekociuk

      Article first published online: 10 SEP 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2011JD015731

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      Key Points

      • Fifteen year observational record of hydroxyl temperatures in Antarctica
      • Measurement of solar cycle response and long-term linear trend
      • Examination of the influence of planetary waves and other dynamical indices
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      Trends of mesospheric gravity waves at northern middle latitudes during summer

      P. Hoffmann, M. Rapp, W. Singer and D. Keuer

      Article first published online: 2 AUG 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2011JD015717

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      Key Points

      • Use of mesospheric wind trends to understand trends of gravity waves
      • Enhancement of gravity wave activity at mid-latitudes during summer
      • Significant correlation between summer jet at 75 km with GW activity at 80 km
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      Long-term development of short-period gravity waves in middle Europe

      D. Offermann, J. Wintel, C. Kalicinsky, P. Knieling, R. Koppmann and W. Steinbrecht

      Article first published online: 23 JUL 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015544

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      Key Points

      • Gravity waves are measured by temperature standard deviations
      • Gravity waves show seasonal variations
      • Gravity waves increase by 1.5% per year in the mesosphere
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      The temperature structure of the mesosphere over Taiwan and comparison with other latitudes

      Uma Das and C. J. Pan

      Article first published online: 20 JUL 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015034

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      Key Points

      • Mesopause altitude is always at higher level
      • MP temperature variation is in phase with solar energy inputs
      • A phase reversal in annual oscillation between 89–95 km
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      Middle atmosphere temperature trend and solar cycle revealed by long-term Rayleigh lidar observations

      Tao Li, Thierry Leblanc, I. Stuart McDermid, Philippe Keckhut, Alain Hauchecorne and Xiankang Dou

      Article first published online: 23 JUN 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015275

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      Key Points

      • The temperature trend and solar cycle was studied with Rayleigh lidar data sets
      • The temperature cooling trend was found at TMF and OHP and was near zero at MLO
      • Positive response was found with negative response in winter stratosphere at OHP
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      Uncertainties in mesopause temperature trend over Fort Collins, Colorado (41°N, 105°W), using the bootstrap Monte Carlo method

      David A. Krueger and Chiao-Yao She

      Article first published online: 10 JUN 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015464

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      Key Points

      • Discuss error bars in previous nonlinear fit to long-term mesopause temperatures
      • Use Monte Carlo bootstrap to determine uncertainties in fitting coefficients
      • Even though based on different assumptions, the two methods agree
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      Latitudinal and interhemispheric variation of stratospheric effects on mesospheric ice layer trends

      F.-J. Lübken and U. Berger

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015258

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      Key Points

      • Model results show mesospheric ice cloud trends vary with latitude
      • Detection threshold for mesospheric ice clouds may influence trends
      • Interhemispheric trend difference mainly caused by induced H2O, not temperature
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      Quasi 2 day waves in the summer mesosphere: Triple structure of amplitudes and long-term development

      D. Offermann, P. Hoffmann, P. Knieling, R. Koppmann, J. Oberheide, D. M. Riggin, V. M. Tunbridge and W. Steinbrecht

      Article first published online: 16 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015051

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      Key Points

      • Two-day waves
      • Mesospheric instability
      • Summer mesosphere
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      Lightning electromagnetic radiation over a stratified conducting ground: Formulation and numerical evaluation of the electromagnetic fields

      Federico Delfino, Renato Procopio, Mansueto Rossi, Abdolhamid Shoory and Farhad Rachidi

      Article first published online: 17 FEB 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015077

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  2. Composition and Chemistry

    1. Top of page
    2. Climate and Dynamics
    3. Composition and Chemistry
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      Retrieval of atmospheric CO2 with enhanced accuracy and precision from SCIAMACHY: Validation with FTS measurements and comparison with model results

      M. Reuter, H. Bovensmann, M. Buchwitz, J. P. Burrows, B. J. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, D. W. T. Griffith, J. Heymann, G. Keppel-Aleks, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, C. Petri, J. Robinson, O. Schneising, V. Sherlock, V. Velazco, T. Warneke, P. O. Wennberg and D. Wunch

      Article first published online: 23 FEB 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015047

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      An atmospheric chemist in search of the tropopause

      Michael J. Prather, Xin Zhu, Qi Tang, Juno Hsu and Jessica L. Neu

      Article first published online: 22 FEB 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014939

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      Correction to “Stable isotopic compositions in Australian precipitation”

      Jianrong Liu, Guobin Fu, Xianfang Song, Stephen P. Charles, Yinghua Zhang, Dongmei Han and Shiqin Wang

      Article first published online: 19 FEB 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2011JD015658

      This article corrects:

      Stable isotopic compositions in Australian precipitation

      Vol. 115, Issue D23, Article first published online: 7 DEC 2010

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      Global column-averaged methane mixing ratios from 2003 to 2009 as derived from SCIAMACHY: Trends and variability

      C. Frankenberg, I. Aben, P. Bergamaschi, E. J. Dlugokencky, R. van Hees, S. Houweling, P. van der Meer, R. Snel and P. Tol

      Article first published online: 17 FEB 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014849

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