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Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

Cover image for Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

27 April 2011

Volume 116, Issue D8

Currently known as: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

  1. Aerosol and Clouds

    1. Top of page
    2. Aerosol and Clouds
    3. Climate and Dynamics
    4. Composition and Chemistry
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Susceptibility of aerosol optical thickness retrievals to thin cirrus contamination during the BASE-ASIA campaign

      Jingfeng Huang, N. Christina Hsu, Si-Chee Tsay, Myeong-Jae Jeong, Brent N. Holben, Timothy A. Berkoff and Ellsworth J. Welton

      Article first published online: 30 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014910

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      Key Points

      • Use of lidar systems for thin cirrus detection
      • Quantify residual thin cirrus contaminations in operational aerosol retrievals
      • Evaluate and propose optimal thin cirrus screening parameters
    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Estimation of solar radiation using a neural network based on radiative transfer

      Hideaki Takenaka, Takashi Y. Nakajima, Akiko Higurashi, Atsushi Higuchi, Tamio Takamura, Rachiel T. Pinker and Teruyuki Nakajima

      Article first published online: 30 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2009JD013337

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      Key Points

      • Development of estimation algorithm for SW radiation budget
      • Neural network algorithm based on radiative transfer calculation
      • Feature trend of direct and diffuse component in East Asia to North Pacific
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      Pollution transport efficiency toward the Arctic: Sensitivity to aerosol scavenging and source regions

      Quentin Bourgeois and Isabelle Bey

      Article first published online: 27 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015096

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      Key Points

      • Decreasing scavenging coefficients
      • Improvement of the comparison between simulation and observations
      • Contribution of geopolitical regions to the Arctic pollution
    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Downwelling 10 μm radiance temperature climatology for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains site

      D. D. Turner and P. J. Gero

      Article first published online: 27 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015135

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      Key Points

      • The downwelling infrared radiance climatology is trimodal
      • The warmest mode is associated with opaque, low-level clouds
      • The other two modes are a mixture of clear sky (PWV) and “thin” clouds
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      Modeled optical thickness of sea-salt aerosol

      William L. Madry, Owen B. Toon and C. D. O'Dowd

      Article first published online: 26 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014691

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      Key Points

      • Optical thickness of SSA goes with square of surface wind speed
      • This relationship is latitude independent
      • Both steady state and average wind speeds are useful for this calculation
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      Electrification of precipitating systems over the Amazon: Physical processes of thunderstorm development

      Rachel I. Albrecht, Carlos A. Morales and Maria A. F. Silva Dias

      Article first published online: 23 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014756

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      Key Points

      • Positive thunderstorms develop over deforested areas in the end of dry season
      • CAPE controls the development of positive thunderstorms in the dry season
      • In the wet season, aerosols might influence the development of thunderstorms
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      Quantifying the limits of convective parameterizations

      Todd R. Jones and David A. Randall

      Article first published online: 23 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014913

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      Key Points

      • QE breaks down under rapidly changing conditions
      • QE breaks down when the domain size is too small for a good cloud sample
      • QE errors are large for forcings >30 hours and for domains <180 km
    8. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Analysis of the biases in the downward shortwave surface flux in the GFDL CM2.1 general circulation model

      Stuart M. Freidenreich and V. Ramaswamy

      Article first published online: 22 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014930

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      Key Points

      • GCM clear-sky solar surface flux bias strongly linked to AOD bias
      • GCM all-sky solar surface flux bias strongly linked to cloud amount bias
      • GCM surface temperature bias modestly linked to all-sky solar surface flux bias
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    10. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Dynamics of fire plumes and smoke clouds associated with peat and deforestation fires in Indonesia

      M. G. Tosca, J. T. Randerson, C. S. Zender, D. L. Nelson, D. J. Diner and J. A. Logan

      Article first published online: 22 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015148

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      Key Points

      • Estimated smoke plume injection height in Indonesia
      • Observed smoke cloud altitudes using MISR and CALIPSO
      • Concluded that only 4% of plumes were injected above the ABL
    11. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Simulation of aerosol radiative effects over West Africa during DABEX and AMMA SOP-0

      Florent Malavelle, Véronique Pont, Marc Mallet, Fabien Solmon, Ben Johnson, Jean-François Leon and Catherine Liousse

      Article first published online: 19 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014829

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      Key Points

      • We assess the direct radiative forcing of dust and smoke aerosols in West Africa
    12. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Emissions of black carbon, organic, and inorganic aerosols from biomass burning in North America and Asia in 2008

      Y. Kondo, H. Matsui, N. Moteki, L. Sahu, N. Takegawa, M. Kajino, Y. Zhao, M. J. Cubison, J. L. Jimenez, S. Vay, G. S. Diskin, B. Anderson, A. Wisthaler, T. Mikoviny, H. E. Fuelberg, D. R. Blake, G. Huey, A. J. Weinheimer, D. J. Knapp and W. H. Brune

      Article first published online: 19 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015152

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      Parameterization of size-resolved dust emission and validation with measurements

      Y. Shao, M. Ishizuka, M. Mikami and J. F. Leys

      Article first published online: 16 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014527

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      Key Points

      • Validation of size-resolved dust emission scheme
      • Parameterization of dust emission in global and regional atmospheric models
      • Size-resolved dust emission measurements
    14. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Cloudy sky shortwave radiative closure for a Baseline Surface Radiation Network site

      Ping Wang, Wouter H. Knap and Piet Stammes

      Article first published online: 16 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015141

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      Key Points

      • Cloudy shortwave radiative closure is achieved
      • DAK model is validated for cloudy cases
      • Sensitivity of cloudy closure to aerosols, water vapor, and surface albedo
    15. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Measured close lightning leader-step electric field–derivative waveforms

      J. Howard, M. A. Uman, C. Biagi, D. Hill, V. A. Rakov and D. M. Jordan

      Article first published online: 16 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015249

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      Key Points

      • Characterization of leader-step waveforms at close distances
      • Statistics for closely measured leader steps
      • Modeling of leader-step current
  2. Climate and Dynamics

    1. Top of page
    2. Aerosol and Clouds
    3. Climate and Dynamics
    4. Composition and Chemistry
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A data assimilation method for using low-resolution Earth observation data in heterogeneous ecosystems

      T. C. Hill, T. Quaife and M. Williams

      Article first published online: 29 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015268

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      Key Points

      • Scaling issues must be considered when assimilating satellite observations
      • Standard data assimilation methods will produce biased results
      • We present a method for avoiding these biases
    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Simulated impacts of irrigation on the atmospheric circulation over Asia

      Eungul Lee, William J. Sacks, Thomas N. Chase and Jonathan A. Foley

      Article first published online: 21 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014740

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      Key Points

      • Irrigation impacts on the climate near the surface and in the upper-troposphere
      • Irrigation-induced effect on the atmospheric circulation and Asian jet
      • Overall physical processes of irrigation impacts on the atmospheric circulation
    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A physically based statistical methodology for surface soil moisture retrieval in the Tibet Plateau using microwave vegetation indices

      T. J. Zhao, L. X. Zhang, J. C. Shi and L. M. Jiang

      Article first published online: 21 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015229

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      Key Points

      • A methodology for surface soil moisture measurement was developed
      • MVIs are a function of vegetation water content or transmissivity
      • The methodology was shown to be effective for areas with sparse vegetation
    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Evaluation of NARR and CLM3.5 outputs for surface water and energy budgets in the Mississippi River Basin

      Sanjiv Kumar and Venkatesh Merwade

      Article first published online: 21 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014909

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      Key Points

      • NARR and CLM 3.5 outputs are compared with AmeriFlux observations
      • NARR outputs that are not assimilated should be used with caution
      • CLM provides better surface fluxes in the Mississippi Basin
    5. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Assessing uncertainty in estimates of atmospheric temperature changes from MSU and AMSU using a Monte-Carlo estimation technique

      Carl A. Mears, Frank J. Wentz, Peter Thorne and Dan Bernie

      Article first published online: 20 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014954

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      Key Points

      • Internal uncertainty in 4 atmospheric temperature datasets is described
      • Often, this uncertainty is less than the differences between datasets
      • Uncertainty estimates are necessary to perform interdataset comparisons
    6. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A controlled snowmaking experiment testing the relation between black carbon content and reduction of snow albedo

      Richard E. Brandt, Stephen G. Warren and Antony D. Clarke

      Article first published online: 20 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015330

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      Key Points

      • Artificial snowpacks are made with uniform grain size and high soot content
      • Albedo reduction for 2 ppm of black carbon is ∼15% at visible wavelengths
      • Soot amount determined by filtration of meltwater is used in RT calculation
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    8. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A comparison of the performance of Kalpana and HIRS water vapor radiances in the WRF 3D-Var assimilation system for mesoscale weather predictions

      Randhir Singh, Chandra Mohan Kishtawal and Pradip Kumar Pal

      Article first published online: 20 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014969

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      Key Points

      • Assimilation
      • Kalpana and HIRS water vapor radiances
      • WRF model
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    10. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Seasonal streamflow extremes in Texas river basins: Uncertainty, trends, and teleconnections

      Ashok K. Mishra, Vijay P. Singh and Mehmet Özger

      Article first published online: 19 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014597

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      Key Points

      • Seasonal streamflow extremes
      • Teleconnection pattern
      • Uncertainty
    11. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Evaluation of mesoscale convective systems in South America using multiple satellite products and an object-based approach

      E. M. C. Demaria, D. A. Rodriguez, E. E. Ebert, P. Salio, F. Su and J. B. Valdes

      Article first published online: 19 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015157

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      Key Points

      • MCSs rainfall rates overestimated/underestimated by CMORPH/PERSIANN, TRMM unbiased
      • Displacement error MCSs in east-west direction for CMORPH and TRMM
      • Maximum rainfall better captured by CMORPH and PERSIANN, TRMM overestimates it
    12. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Investigations of stratospheric temperature regional variability with lidar and Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit

      Beatriz M. Funatsu, Chantal Claud, Philippe Keckhut, Wolfgang Steinbrecht and Alain Hauchecorne

      Article first published online: 19 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014974

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      Key Points

      • Temperature differences at close-by lidar sites reflect true geophysical effects
      • Geophysical differences explain up to 60% of temperature decorrelation in winter
      • Temporal and spatial samplings affect significantly the estimation of trends
    13. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Cloud-to-ground lightning dipole moment from simultaneous observations by ELF receiver and combined direction finding and time-of-arrival lightning detection system

      Zenon Nieckarz, Andrzej Kulak, Stanislaw Zieba and Anna Odzimek

      Article first published online: 19 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014736

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      Key Points

      • It presents a new method of automatic detection of ELF impulses
      • It shows a new automated technique for calculating the lightning dipole moment
      • It indicates that the dipole moment is linearly correlated with the peak current
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      Evaluating a satellite-derived global infrared land surface emissivity data set for use in radiative transfer modeling

      Ronald L. Vogel, Quanhua Liu, Yong Han and Fuzhong Weng

      Article first published online: 19 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014679

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      Key Points

      • UWIREMIS data set is spectrally and spatially suitable for radiative transfer
      • UWIREMIS data set improves emissivity in the 8–10 micron infrared region
      • UWIREMIS data are accurate in comparison to NAALSED, a validated data set
    15. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A reconstruction of annual Greenland ice melt extent, 1784–2009

      Oliver W. Frauenfeld, Paul C. Knappenberger and Patrick J. Michaels

      Article first published online: 19 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014918

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      Key Points

      • Recent melt is similar in magnitude but shorter duration than 1920–1960 melt
      • Record 2007 melt is not statistically different from 20 other melt seasons
      • If melt trend continues, it will soon exceed any melt during the past 226 years
    16. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Probabilistic interpretation of regression-based downscaled seasonal ensemble predictions with the estimation of uncertainty

      Young-Mi Min, Vladimir N. Kryjov and Jai-Ho Oh

      Article first published online: 16 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015284

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      Key Points

      • Regression-based method of statistical downscaling
      • Estimation of uncertainties from both regression and ensemble spread
      • Downscaled probabilistic multimodel ensemble forecasts
    17. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Rain on small tropical islands

      A. H. Sobel, C. D. Burleyson and S. E. Yuter

      Article first published online: 16 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014695

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      Key Points

      • Rain is enhanced on islands compared to ocean as long as they are not too small
      • Rainfall enhancement is greater on mountainous islands
      • Diurnal effect is greater in Maritime continent than Caribbean
      Corrected by:

      Correction: Correction to “Rain on small tropical islands”

      Vol. 118, Issue 5, 2301–2302, Article first published online: 4 MAR 2013

  3. Composition and Chemistry

    1. Top of page
    2. Aerosol and Clouds
    3. Climate and Dynamics
    4. Composition and Chemistry
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Evaluation of stratospheric NO2 retrieved from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument: Intercomparison, diurnal cycle, and trending

      Ruud J. Dirksen, K. Folkert Boersma, Henk J. Eskes, Dmitry V. Ionov, Eric J. Bucsela, Pieternel F. Levelt and Hennie M. Kelder

      Article first published online: 22 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014943

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      Key Points

      • OMI stratospheric NO2 columns agree within 13% with ground-based observations
      • DOMINO algorithm observes daily increase of stratospheric NO2
      • Trend in DOMINO stratospheric NO2 consistent with ground-based data from Lauder
    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Atmospheric histories and global emissions of the anthropogenic hydrofluorocarbons HFC-365mfc, HFC-245fa, HFC-227ea, and HFC-236fa

      Martin K. Vollmer, Benjamin R. Miller, Matthew Rigby, Stefan Reimann, Jens Mühle, Paul B. Krummel, Simon O'Doherty, Jooil Kim, Tae Siek Rhee, Ray F. Weiss, Paul J. Fraser, Peter G. Simmonds, Peter K. Salameh, Christina M. Harth, Ray H. J. Wang, L. Paul Steele, Dickon Young, Chris R. Lunder, Ove Hermansen, Diane Ivy, Tim Arnold, Norbert Schmidbauer, Kyung-Ryul Kim, Brian R. Greally, Matthias Hill, Michael Leist, Angelina Wenger and Ronald G. Prinn

      Article first published online: 22 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015309

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      Key Points

      • Four anthropogenic greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are reported on
      • Global emissions are determined using inverse modeling techniques
      • Atmospheric burden grows rapidly, but by far not as fast as recently predicted
    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Application of high-performance anion-exchange chromatography–pulsed amperometric detection for measuring carbohydrates in routine daily filter samples collected by a national network: 2. Examination of sugar alcohols/polyols, sugars, and anhydrosugars in the upper Midwest

      A. P. Sullivan, N. Frank, D. M. Kenski and J. L. Collett Jr.

      Article first published online: 19 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014169

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      Key Points

      • Anhydrosugars, arabinose, xylose, threitol/erythritol are from biomass burning
      • Using mannitol, the contribution of spores to OC in the upper Midwest was <1%
      • Methyltetrols are in higher concentrations in the eastern upper Midwest
    5. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Application of high-performance anion-exchange chromatography–pulsed amperometric detection for measuring carbohydrates in routine daily filter samples collected by a national network: 1. Determination of the impact of biomass burning in the upper Midwest

      A. P. Sullivan, N. Frank, G. Onstad, C. D. Simpson and J. L. Collett Jr.

      Article first published online: 19 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014166

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      Key Points

      • Using HPAEC-PAD levoglucosan can be measured on a routine basis
      • In the upper Midwest, >50% of the WSOC is from SOA rather than biomass burning
      • The contribution of OC due to primary biomass burning emissions was 5 to 35%
    6. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      New method for deriving total ozone from Brewer zenith sky observations

      V. E. Fioletov, C. A. McLinden, C. T. McElroy and V. Savastiouk

      Article first published online: 16 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015399

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      Key Points

      • Brewer ZS total ozone is needed for trend analysis and satellite validation
      • The present algorithm requires a large set of parallel ZS and DS measurements
      • The new algorithm is based on a model and needs just a small set of measurements

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