You have free access to this content

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

Cover image for Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

27 July 2013

Volume 118, Issue 14

Pages 7427–8127

  1. Regular Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Regular Articles
    3. Correction
    4. Regular Articles
    1. Climate and Dynamics

      You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A spatiotemporal analysis of U.S. station temperature trends over the last century (pages 7427–7434)

      V. Capparelli, C. Franzke, A. Vecchio, M. P. Freeman, N. W. Watkins and V. Carbone

      Article first published online: 16 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50551

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Nonlinear spatio-temporal analysis of temperature trends
      • The statistical significance of each trend is assessed against three nullmodels
      • The warming trend appears to have geographic relationships
    2. You have free access to this content
      Theoretical and empirical scale dependency of Z-R relationships: Evidence, impacts, and correction (pages 7435–7449)

      Sébastien Verrier, Laurent Barthès and Cécile Mallet

      Article first published online: 16 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50557

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Reflectivity-rain rates (Z-R) relationships should be sensitive to resolution
      • Demonstration from multifractal theory and from the study of disdrometer data
      • Normalized relations (involving N0*,Dm) seem more robust with scale
    3. You have free access to this content
      On “observation minus reanalysis” method: A view from multidecadal variability (pages 7450–7458)

      Jun Wang, Zhongwei Yan, Phil D. Jones and Jiangjiang Xia

      Article first published online: 16 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50574

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • MDV in the reanalysis data is different from that in the station observations
      • MDV discrepancy leads to inconsistent estimates of the impact of urbanization
      • Many published studies based on the OMR approach may have exaggerated the effect
    4. You have free access to this content
      Two likely stratospheric volcanic eruptions in the 1450s C.E. found in a bipolar, subannually dated 800 year ice core record (pages 7459–7466)

      Jihong Cole-Dai, David G. Ferris, Alyson L. Lanciki, Joël Savarino, Mark H. Thiemens and Joseph R. McConnell

      Article first published online: 17 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50587

      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Two large volcanic eruptions occurred in the 1450s
      • Bipolar volcanic record from new Greenland and Antarctica ice cores
      • Ice cores dated with independent annual layer counting
    5. You have free access to this content
      Statistically combining rainfall characteristics estimated from remote-sensed and rain gauge data sets in the Brazilian Amazon-Tocantins Basins (pages 7467–7480)

      Robin T. Clarke and Diogo C. Buarque

      Article first published online: 18 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50545

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • We combine rainfall information from ground-level and remote-sensed data-sets
      • We use a parametric geostatistical model for this purpose
      • To estimate mean annual rainfall, and mean of annual maximum one-day rains
    6. You have free access to this content
      Transient simulation of orbital-scale precipitation variation in monsoonal East Asia and arid central Asia during the last 150 ka (pages 7481–7488)

      Xinzhou Li, Xiaodong Liu, Linjing Qiu, Zhisheng An and Zhi-Yong Yin

      Article first published online: 18 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50611

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • The past 150ka transient simulation is conducted with the CCSM3
      • There is an in-phase variation of annual precipitation between E Asia and C Asia
      • Precession modulates both Asian summer monsoon and winter westerly circulation
    7. You have free access to this content
      Impacts of snow cover fraction data assimilation on modeled energy and moisture budgets (pages 7489–7504)

      Kristi R. Arsenault, Paul R. Houser, Gabriëlle J. M. De Lannoy and Paul A. Dirmeyer

      Article first published online: 19 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50542

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Snow cover assimilated via direct insertion(DI) and ensemble Kalman filter(EnKF)
      • EnKF method performed better in higher elevations and DI in lower elevations
      • Versus DI, EnKF leads to smaller model impacts but more hydrologic budget errors
    8. You have free access to this content
      Near-surface air temperature lapse rates in the mainland China during 1962–2011 (pages 7505–7515)

      Xiuping Li, Lei Wang, Deliang Chen, Kun Yang, Baolin Xue and Litao Sun

      Article first published online: 19 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50553

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Spatiotemporal variation of lapse rate in China was characterized in 1962-2011
      • Impacts of temperature and humidity on lapse rate were regionally-dependent
      • Independent evaluation of lapse rate proved its reliability and usability
    9. You have free access to this content
      Tree-ring-based snowfall record for cold arid western Himalaya, India since A.D. 1460 (pages 7516–7522)

      Ram R. Yadav and Mahendra R. Bhutiyani

      Article first published online: 22 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50583

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Tree-ring-based snow water equivalent data for western Himalaya
      • Snowmelt water main hydrological resource
      • Snowmelt water significantly associated with July flow of Chenab
    10. You have free access to this content
      Reconciling precipitation trends in Alaska: 1. Station-based analyses (pages 7523–7541)

      Stephanie A. McAfee, Galina Guentchev and Jon K. Eischeid

      Article first published online: 23 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50572

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Inhomogeneities complicate precipitation trend analysis in Alaska
      • There are few robust trends in Alaskan precipitation
      • Different trend detection methods produced similar results
    11. You have free access to this content
      Representing and evaluating the landscape freeze/thaw properties and their impacts on soil impermeability: Hydrological processes in the community land model version 4 (pages 7542–7557)

      Mingjie Shi, Zong-Liang Yang and Felix W. Landerer

      Article first published online: 23 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50576

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • CLM4-based landscape frozen fraction is closely related to snow cover fraction
      • Satellite observed landscape freeze/thaw status is used to evaluate the model
      • Soil permeability modification improves the timing of the boreal spring runoff
    12. You have free access to this content
      Tibetan Plateau westerly forcing on the cloud amount over Sichuan Basin and the early Asian summer monsoon (pages 7558–7568)

      Chi-Hua Wu and Ming-Dah Chou

      Article first published online: 24 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50580

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Midclouds of Sichuan Basin serve as a reliable index for the TP westerly forcing
      • A larger TP westerly forcing in mid-May can be related to a weaker monsoon
      • Impact of late-spring TP westerly forcing continues through early summer
    13. You have free access to this content
      Implications for Arctic amplification of changes in the strength of the water vapor feedback (pages 7569–7578)

      Debjani Ghatak and James Miller

      Article first published online: 24 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50578

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Arctic amplification may expand during winter due to DLF/PW feedback
      • Relative importance of PW on changes in DLF varies spatially and seasonally
      • Role of cloud cover in contributing to the changes in DLF is small
    14. You have free access to this content
      Horizontal structure function and vertical correlation analysis of mesoscale water vapor variability observed by airborne lidar (pages 7579–7590)

      L. Fischer, G. C. Craig and C. Kiemle

      Article first published online: 24 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50588

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Mesoscale water vapor variability including the subgrid scale is characterized
      • Scaling exponents in convective airmass are lower than in non-convective
      • Correlation length in convective airmass is longer than in non-convective
    15. You have free access to this content
      Effects of spatial resolution in the simulation of daily and subdaily precipitation in the southwestern US (pages 7591–7605)

      Om P. Tripathi and Francina Dominguez

      Article first published online: 24 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50590

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Higher resolution simulation better reproduced observations
      • Higher resolution simulation appears to overestimate climatological mean
      • Overestimation in higher resolution predominates in mountaneous terrain
    16. Composition and Chemistry

      You have free access to this content
      Air-sea gas transfer rate for the Southern Ocean inferred from 222Rn concentrations in maritime air and a global atmospheric transport model (pages 7606–7616)

      S. Taguchi, S. Tasaka, M. Matsubara, K. Osada, T. Yokoi and T. Yamanouchi

      Article first published online: 24 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50594

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Atmospheric Rn over Antarctic Ocean came from the ocean and the Antarctic
      • A 3.5 power law of hourly wind best fitted the measured concentrations
      • Magnitude of the flux depends on the dilution of Rn in the mixing layer
    17. Climate and Dynamics

      You have free access to this content
      Discrepancies between the modeled and proxy-reconstructed response to volcanic forcing over the past millennium: Implications and possible mechanisms (pages 7617–7627)

      Michael E. Mann, Scott Rutherford, Andrew Schurer, Simon F.B. Tett and Jose D. Fuentes

      Article first published online: 24 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50609

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • mismatch between modeled and proxy-reconstructed volcanic cooling
      • models and reconstructions can be reconciled if threshold effects accounted for
      • empirical evidence supports biases in tree-ring volcanic cooling estimates
    18. You have free access to this content
      Projection of occurrence of extreme dry-wet years and seasons in Europe with stationary and nonstationary Standardized Precipitation Indices (pages 7628–7639)

      S. Russo, A. Dosio, A. Sterl, P. Barbosa and J. Vogt

      Article first published online: 25 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50571

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Projection of occurrence of extreme wet and dry precipitation over Europe
      • Definition of the Standardized non-stationary Precipitation Index
      • Comparing projected precipitation estimated with SPI, SPI-GEV, and SnsPI
    19. You have free access to this content
      Spatiotemporal variation in the microclimatic edge effect between wetland and farmland (pages 7640–7650)

      Xiaoyu Liao, Zhaoli Liu, Yiyong Wang and Jiming Jin

      Article first published online: 25 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50573

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Air temperature and humidity showed sigmoid gradients across the wetland edges.
      • The magnitude of edge effect decreased but the extent increased with height.
      • The edge effect pattern regularly varied with the time of day.
    20. You have free access to this content
      An evaluation of WRF's ability to reproduce the surface wind over complex terrain based on typical circulation patterns (pages 7651–7669)

      P. A. Jiménez, J. Dudhia, J. F. González-Rouco, J. P. Montávez, E. García-Bustamante, J. Navarro, J. Vilà-Guerau de Arellano and A. Muñoz-Roldán

      Article first published online: 25 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50585

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Importance of a long period of analysis to identify misrepresentations
      • The topographic representation is responsible for wind biases
      • Errors at the synoptic scale hamper the benefits of high horizontal resolution
    21. You have free access to this content
      Gravity wave momentum flux in directional shear flows over three-dimensional mountains: Linear and nonlinear numerical solutions as compared to linear analytical solutions (pages 7670–7681)

      Xin Xu, Ming Xue and Yuan Wang

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50471

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Simulated wave drag in directional flows over shallow hills verify linear theory
      • Wave drag state in directional flows depends on more than surface Froude number.
      • Asymmetry and vortex shedding can occur to the lee of a mountain.
    22. You have free access to this content
      Changes in North American snowpacks for 1979–2007 detected from the snow water equivalent data of SMMR and SSM/I passive microwave and related climatic factors (pages 7682–7697)

      Thian Yew Gan, Roger G. Barry, Mesgana Gizaw, Adam Gobena and Rajagopalan Balaji

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50507

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Changes to North American snow packs for 1979-2007
      • 30% of detected decreasing trends of SWE are statistically significant
      • Decreasing trends in SWE detected mainly in Canada
    23. You have free access to this content
      Simulated Arctic atmospheric feedbacks associated with late summer sea ice anomalies (pages 7698–7714)

      A. Rinke, K. Dethloff, W. Dorn, D. Handorf and J. C. Moore

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50584

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Coupled regional model simulates Arctic feedbacks
      • Summer sea ice anomalies affect atmospheric winter circulation
      • Atmospheric feedback patterns depend on the regional sea ice anomaly
    24. You have free access to this content
      Dependence of model convergence on horizontal resolution and convective parameterization in simulations of a tropical cyclone at gray-zone resolutions (pages 7715–7732)

      Yuan Sun, Lan Yi, Zhong Zhong, Yijia Hu and Yao Ha

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50606

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • TC strengthens excessively at higher resolution with improper convective schemes
      • Small RMW (eyewall slope) leads to weak model convergence in TC intensity change
      • Improvement of current CP schemes at grey-zone resolutions is needed
    25. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Dominant roles of subgrid-scale cloud structures in model diversity of cloud radiative effects (pages 7733–7749)

      Feng Zhang, Xin-Zhong Liang, Jiangnan Li and Qingcun Zeng

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50604

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Current model spreads of CREs and radiative fluxes can be dramatically reduced
      • We demonstrated dominant roles of cloud subgrid structure in model diversities
      • We reduced current nonlinear sensitivity of model spreads to cloud fractions
    26. You have free access to this content
      Latitudinal and altitudinal variability of lower atmospheric inertial gravity waves revealed by U.S. radiosonde data (pages 7750–7764)

      Shao Dong Zhang, Fan Yi, Chun Ming Huang, Kai Ming Huang, Quan Gan, Ye Hui Zhang and Yun Gong

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50623

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Revealed the continuous altitudinal variability of lower atmospheric GWs.
      • GW parameters are closely related to background atmosphere.
      • Revealed profound climatological impacts of GWs on background atmosphere.
    27. You have free access to this content
      Mesospheric wind disturbances due to gravity waves near the Antarctica Peninsula (pages 7765–7772)

      Qian Wu, Zeyu Chen, Nick Mitchell, D. Fritts and H. Iimura

      Article first published online: 29 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50577

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Gravity waves induce mesospheric structure near Antarctica Peninsula
      • lower altitude winds filtered eastward waves
      • semidiurnal tide structure affected
    28. You have free access to this content
      Seasonal to multidecadal variability of the width of the tropical belt (pages 7773–7787)

      N. A. Davis and T. Birner

      Article first published online: 30 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50610

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Objective diagnostics exhibit a bi-annual seasonal cycle, significant expansion
      • Hadley cell diagnostic lags other objective diagnostics by one month
      • Reanalyses reproduce tropical belt widths observed from GPS-RO observations
    29. You have free access to this content
      Arctic surface temperature change to emissions of black carbon within Arctic or midlatitudes (pages 7788–7798)

      Maria Sand, Terje Koren Berntsen, Øyvind Seland and Jón Egill Kristjánsson

      Article first published online: 30 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50613

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • The emission-response spectrum of black carbon is simulated in a climate model
      • The Arctic climate is sensitive to BC emitted within the Arctic
      • A large fraction of the Arctic climate response is due to the snow/albedo effect
    30. You have free access to this content
      Structure of the planetary boundary layer over Southeast England: Modeling and measurements (pages 7799–7818)

      Bo Xie, J. C. R. Hunt, D. J. Carruthers, J. C. H. Fung and J. F. Barlow

      Article first published online: 30 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50621

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • The predictive skills of different PBL schemes were evaluated
      • The PBL height variations and the diagnostic formulations were discussed
      • The profiles of mean and turbulent quantities were compared
    31. You have free access to this content
      Reconciling soil thermal and hydrological lower boundary conditions in land surface models (pages 7819–7834)

      Bertrand Decharme, Eric Martin and Stéphanie Faroux

      Article first published online: 30 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50631

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • The lower boundary condition of soil in land surface model
      • Important parameter for soil temperature and hydrology
      • Evaluation over a dense network of soil temperatures and river discharges
    32. You have free access to this content
      Impact of the dominant large-scale teleconnections on winter temperature variability over East Asia (pages 7835–7848)

      Young-Kwon Lim and Hae-Dong Kim

      Article first published online: 31 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50462

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Identification of the dominant teleconnections
      • Physical mechanism associated with the dominant teleconnections
      • Interannual variability of the teleconnection impacts
  2. Correction

    1. Top of page
    2. Regular Articles
    3. Correction
    4. Regular Articles
    1. Climate and Dynamics

      You have free access to this content
      Correction to “Dispersion of the volcanic sulfate cloud from a Mount Pinatubo-like eruption” (page 7849)

      Valentina Aquila, Luke D. Oman, Richard S. Stolarski, Peter R. Colarco and Paul A. Newman

      Article first published online: 24 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50616

      • image
      This article corrects:

      Dispersion of the volcanic sulfate cloud from a Mount Pinatubo–like eruption

      Vol. 117, Issue D6, Article first published online: 29 MAR 2012

  3. Regular Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Regular Articles
    3. Correction
    4. Regular Articles
    1. Aerosol and Clouds

      You have free access to this content
      Optical studies of rocket exhaust trails and artificial noctilucent clouds produced by Soyuz rocket launches (pages 7850–7863)

      P. Dalin, V. Perminov, N. Pertsev, A. Dubietis, A. Zadorozhny, A. Smirnov, A. Mezentsev, S. Frandsen, J. Grønne, O. Hansen, H. Andersen, I. McEachran, T. McEwan, J. Rowlands, H. Meyerdierks, M. Zalcik, M. Connors, I. Schofield and I. Veselovsky

      Article first published online: 16 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50549

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Soyuz rocket launches uncovered different atmospheric states and dynamics
      • A characteristic balloon-shaped trail was observed between 105 and 160 km
      • A rocket exhaust trail persisted without any changes during its motion for 9 hrs
    2. You have free access to this content
      Validation and uncertainty estimates for MODIS Collection 6 “Deep Blue” aerosol data (pages 7864–7872)

      A. M. Sayer, N. C. Hsu, C. Bettenhausen and M.-J. Jeong

      Article first published online: 25 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50600

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Expanded MODIS Deep Blue aerosol algorithm
      • Validation with AERONET reveals good performance
      • Uncertainty estimates provided within dataset
    3. You have free access to this content
      Modeling the microwave single-scattering properties of aggregate snowflakes (pages 7873–7885)

      Holly Nowell, Guosheng Liu and Ryan Honeyager

      Article first published online: 25 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50620

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • New method of creating realistic aggregate flakes using field study results
      • Use DDA simulations to investigate single-scattering properties of aggregates
      • Examine the importance of particle shape on single-scattering results
    4. You have free access to this content
      The meteorology of negative cloud-to-ground lightning strokes with large charge moment changes: Implications for negative sprites (pages 7886–7896)

      Timothy J. Lang, Steven A. Cummer, Steven A. Rutledge and Walter A. Lyons

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50595

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Negative sprite lightning mainly occurred near intense, deep convection
      • The systems producing these discharges were frequently large
      • Systems producing these discharges mainly produced negative CG lightning
    5. You have free access to this content
      A method for optimizing the cosine response of solar UV diffusers (pages 7897–7904)

      Tomi Pulli, Petri Kärhä and Erkki Ikonen

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50642

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • An algorithm for simulating solar UV diffusers was developed
      • The structures of two diffusers were optimized
      • The effects of diffuser parameters on the angular response were studied
    6. You have free access to this content
      An investigation of the role of sedimentation for stratospheric solar radiation management (pages 7905–7921)

      F. Benduhn and M. G. Lawrence

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50622

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Sedimentation is key to limiting vertical transport of stratospheric aerosol.
      • A non-diffusive scheme allows getting the vertical distribution right.
      • The role of sedimentation is a complex function of all particle parameters.
    7. You have free access to this content
      Evaluation of the cloud thermodynamic phase in a climate model using CALIPSO-GOCCP (pages 7922–7937)

      Grégory Cesana and Hélène Chepfer

      Article first published online: 29 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50376

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • To document the partition of liquid and ice phase within clouds at global scale
      • To evaluate the description of liquid and ice clouds in a climate model
      • To build a new cloud thermodynamic phase climatology vertically resolved
    8. You have free access to this content
      A multidecadal study of cirrus in the tropical tropopause layer (pages 7938–7947)

      S. T. Massie, R. Khosravi and J. C. Gille

      Article first published online: 29 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50596

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Upper troposphere cirrus is examined during the last 25 years
      • FWHM tropical widths of cirrus distributions at 100 hPa are quantified
      • The FWHMs have a trend of 0.38 +- 1.5 degrees/decade
    9. You have free access to this content
      Historical and future black carbon deposition on the three ice caps: Ice core measurements and model simulations from 1850 to 2100 (pages 7948–7961)

      Susanne E. Bauer, Alexandra Bausch, Larissa Nazarenko, Kostas Tsigaridis, Baiqing Xu, Ross Edwards, Marion Bisiaux and Joe McConnell

      Article first published online: 29 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50612

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • BC residence times of about 4 days seems realistic
      • Models fail to reproduce the sharp 8-fold observed BC increase
      • Further dramatic increase of pollution reaching the Tibetan plateau predicted
    10. You have free access to this content
      From CloudSat-CALIPSO to EarthCare: Evolution of the DARDAR cloud classification and its comparison to airborne radar-lidar observations (pages 7962–7981)

      M. Ceccaldi, J. Delanoë, R. J. Hogan, N. L. Pounder, A. Protat and J. Pelon

      Article first published online: 30 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50579

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • A new DARDAR classification is developed from CloudSat and CALIOP profiles
      • The new version is compared to the first one and it shows improvements
      • The method is adapted to airborne data for validation and preparation to E-Care
    11. Composition and Chemistry

      You have free access to this content
      On the inclusion of Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere version 6 ozone in a data assimilation system (pages 7982–8000)

      E. Remsberg, M. Natarajan, T. D. Fairlie, K. Wargan, S. Pawson, L. Coy, G. Lingenfelser and G. Kim

      Article first published online: 16 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50566

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • The LIMS ozone of 1978-1979 is assimilated into the GEOS-5 model.
      • Ozone analyses are improved for most regions of the stratosphere.
      • Data assimilation is an effective way of characterizing ozone data sets.
    12. You have free access to this content
      Carbonyl sulfide in the planetary boundary layer: Coastal and continental influences (pages 8001–8009)

      R. Commane, S. C. Herndon, M. S. Zahniser, B. M. Lerner, J. B. McManus, J. W. Munger, D. D. Nelson and S. C. Wofsy

      Article first published online: 22 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50581

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Newly constructed laser-based absorption system measuring OCS and CO2 at 1 Hz
      • Photosynthetic uptake, nighttime deposition and wetland emission of OCS observed
      • OCS/CO2 relationship complex to interpret in some heterogeneous ecosystems
    13. You have free access to this content
      Role of meteorological processes in ozone responses to emission controls in California's San Joaquin Valley (pages 8010–8022)

      Ling Jin, Aurore Loisy and Nancy J. Brown

      Article first published online: 25 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50559

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Ozone limiting regimes depend on meteorological conditions
      • Local vs upwind contributions depends on flow characteristics
      • Emission changes affect the meteorological dependences of ozone control.
    14. You have free access to this content
      Identification of the source of benzene concentrations at Texas City during SHARP using an adjoint neighborhood-scale transport model and a receptor model (pages 8023–8031)

      Birnur Buzcu-Guven, Eduardo P. Olaguer, Scott C. Herndon, Charles E. Kolb, W. Berk Knighton and Alex E. Cuclis

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50586

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Benzene source apportionment with inverse model and PMF is in agreement.
      • Self-reported emissions from the industrial facility are underestimated.
      • Besides flares, tanks and aromatic units are significant sources of benzene.
    15. You have free access to this content
      The version 8.6 SBUV ozone data record: An overview (pages 8032–8039)

      Richard D. McPeters, P. K. Bhartia, D. Haffner, Gordon J. Labow and Larry Flynn

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50597

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Coherent calibration has been applied to 8 SBUV instruments.
      • A calibrated ozone time series has been produced 1970-2012
      • Total column ozone and ozone vertical distribution produced.
    16. You have free access to this content
      Assessing the quality of humidity measurements from global operational radiosonde sensors (pages 8040–8053)

      Isaac Moradi, Brian Soden, Ralph Ferraro, Phillip Arkin and Holger Vömel

      Article first published online: 29 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50589

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Investigating the quality of operational radiosonde humidity profiles
      • Most humidity sensors fail to measure mid-upper tropospheric humidity
      • Ddifferent radiosonde sensors introduce temporal and spatial inhomogeneity
    17. You have free access to this content
      Direct top-down estimates of biomass burning CO emissions using TES and MOPITT versus bottom-up GFED inventory (pages 8054–8066)

      Olga Pechony, Drew T. Shindell and Greg Faluvegi

      Article first published online: 29 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50624

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Near-simultaneous fire and CO satellite observations used to estimate fire CO
      • Satellite CO estimates and GFED 2 and 3 show large regional differences
      • Global agreement is reasonable with largest biases in Northern Hemisphere spring
    18. You have free access to this content
      Nitrogen, Aerosol Composition, and Halogens on a Tall Tower (NACHTT): Overview of a wintertime air chemistry field study in the front range urban corridor of Colorado (pages 8067–8085)

      Steven S. Brown, Joel A. Thornton, William C. Keene, Alexander A. P. Pszenny, Barkley C. Sive, William P. Dubé, Nicholas L. Wagner, Cora J. Young, Theran P. Riedel, James M. Roberts, Trevor C. VandenBoer, Roya Bahreini, Fatma Öztürk, Ann M. Middlebrook, Saewung Kim, Gerhard Hübler and Daniel E. Wolfe

      Article first published online: 30 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50537

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • NACHTT was a winter atmospheric chemistry study near Denver, Colorado
      • Vertically resolved measurements of nitrogen oxides, aerosols and halogens
    19. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Impact of preindustrial to present-day changes in short-lived pollutant emissions on atmospheric composition and climate forcing (pages 8086–8110)

      Vaishali Naik, Larry W. Horowitz, Arlene M. Fiore, Paul Ginoux, Jingqiu Mao, Adetutu M. Aghedo and Hiram Levy II

      Article first published online: 30 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50608

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • Document and evaluate atmospheric chemistry in GFDL-AM3
      • Net forcing from PI to PD short-lived pollutant emission changes is -1.05 Wm-2
    20. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Horizontal water vapor transport in the lower stratosphere from subtropics to high latitudes during boreal summer (pages 8111–8127)

      F. Ploeger, G. Günther, P. Konopka, S. Fueglistaler, R. Müller, C. Hoppe, A. Kunz, R. Spang, J.-U. Grooß and M. Riese

      Article first published online: 31 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50636

      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image
      • image

      Key Points

      • High H2O in mid-latitude UTLS is horizontally transported from subtropics
      • Annual H2O cycle in NH UTLS (360-450K) is linked to horizontal transport
      • Hor. transport due to residual circ. equatorwards 50N, to eddy mixing polewards

SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION