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Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets

Crystal orientation results in different amorphization of olivine during solar wind implantation

Authors

  • Yang Li,

    1. Lunar and Planetary Science Research Center, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Collage of Earth Science, Beijing, China
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  • Xiongyao Li,

    Corresponding author
    1. Lunar and Planetary Science Research Center, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, China
    • Corresponding author: X. Li, Lunar and Planetary Science Research Center, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550002, China. (lixiongyao@vip.skleg.cn)

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  • Shijie Wang,

    1. Lunar and Planetary Science Research Center, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, China
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  • Shijie Li,

    1. Lunar and Planetary Science Research Center, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, China
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  • Hong Tang,

    1. Lunar and Planetary Science Research Center, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, China
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  • Ian M. Coulson

    1. Solid Earth Studies Laboratory, Department of Geology, University of Regina, Regina, Sakatchewan, Canada
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Abstract

[1] Crystal orientation plays an important role in mineral amorphization during solar wind implantation. To discuss these effects, ion implantation experiments were carried out to irradiate natural olivine grains by 1 × 1017 cm−2 50 keV He+. Based on the olivine grains irradiated in our experiment, residual crystal planes have been identified by reference to the crystal plane's spacing shown in diffraction images. It is found that He+ ions injected along [010] damages the olivine structure more effectively than with other orientations and that this possibly relates to the higher atomic density and the vertical impact of the flux on MO6 (where M commonly represents Fe2+ and Mg2+) octahedra chains. Crystal planes perpendicular or approximately perpendicular to [010] may be destroyed easily during the early stages of irradiation, particularly for (040). However, crystal planes, such as (041), (021), (022), (120), and (140), parallel to [100] or [001] may survive until the final stages of olivine amorphization. These different characteristics affected by crystal orientation in ion implantation might help researchers to better understand the process of solar wind weathering and in dating the exposure time of lunar and asteroidal soil grains as well as interplanetary dust particles affected by the solar wind.

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