Geodesics and almost geodesic cycles in random regular graphs

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Abstract

A geodesic in a graph G is a shortest path between two vertices of G. For a specific function e(n) of n, we define an almost geodesic cycle C in G to be a cycle in which for every two vertices u and v in C, the distance dG(u, v) is at least dC(u, v)−e(n). Let ω(n) be any function tending to infinity with n. We consider a random d-regular graph on n vertices. We show that almost all pairs of vertices belong to an almost geodesic cycle C with e(n) = logd−1logd−1n+ ω(n) and |C| = 2logd−1n+ O(ω(n)). Along the way, we obtain results on near-geodesic paths. We also give the limiting distribution of the number of geodesics between two random vertices in this random graph. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. J Graph Theory 66:115-136, 2011

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