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Large cliques or stable sets in graphs with no four-edge path and no five-edge path in the complement

Authors


  • This research was performed while the author was at Columbia University.

Abstract

Erdős and Hajnal [Discrete Math 25 (1989), 37–52] conjectured that, for any graph H, every graph on n vertices that does not have H as an induced subgraph contains a clique or a stable set of size nɛ(H) for some ɛ(H)>0. The Conjecture 1. known to be true for graphs H with |V(H)|≤4. One of the two remaining open cases on five vertices is the case where H is a four-edge path, the other case being a cycle of length five. In this article we prove that every graph on n vertices that does not contain a four-edge path or the complement of a five-edge path as an induced subgraph contains either a clique or a stable set of size at least n1/6. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Graph Theory

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