IN SEARCH OF THE KINGDOM: THE SOCIAL GOSPEL, SETTLEMENT SOCIOLOGY, AND THE SCIENCE OF REFORM IN AMERICA'S PROGRESSIVE ERA
Article first published online: 28 AUG 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Volume 48, Issue 4, pages 339–362, Autumn 2012
How to Cite
WILLIAMS, J. E. and MACLEAN, V. M. (2012), IN SEARCH OF THE KINGDOM: THE SOCIAL GOSPEL, SETTLEMENT SOCIOLOGY, AND THE SCIENCE OF REFORM IN AMERICA'S PROGRESSIVE ERA. J. Hist. Behav. Sci., 48: 339–362. doi: 10.1002/jhbs.21563
- Issue published online: 12 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 28 AUG 2012
- Middle Tennessee State University's Faculty Research
This critical narrative history examines the development of sociology in the United States during what has come to be labeled as the Progressive Era, roughly the years from the 1890s to World War I. Despite the label, this era was defined as much by social problems associated with industrialization, urbanization, and immigration as by the growth of its cities and the wealth of its capitalists. We explore the roots of American sociology in the transition of protestant theology from Calvinism to its reformation in the social gospel, the simultaneous development of settlement houses, and the “creation” of sociology as the science of reform.