Contarini's syndrome: Bilateral pleural effusion, each side from different causes

Authors

  • José M. Porcel MD, FACP, FCCP,

    Corresponding author
    1. Pleural Diseases Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Arnau de Vilanova University Hospital, Institut de Reçerca Biomèdica de Lleida, Lleida, Spain
    • Department of Internal Medicine, Arnau de Vilanova University Hospital, Avda Alcalde Rovira Roure 80, 25198 Lleida, Spain
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    • Telephone: 34 973 248100; Fax: 34 973 248754

  • M. Carmen Civit MD,

    1. Pleural Diseases Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Arnau de Vilanova University Hospital, Institut de Reçerca Biomèdica de Lleida, Lleida, Spain
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  • Silvia Bielsa MD,

    1. Pleural Diseases Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Arnau de Vilanova University Hospital, Institut de Reçerca Biomèdica de Lleida, Lleida, Spain
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  • Richard W. Light MD, FCCP

    1. Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee
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  • Disclosure: Nothing to report.

Abstract

Bilateral pleural effusions usually have a single causative factor, such as heart failure or malignancy. Contarini's syndrome refers to the occurrence of bilateral pleural fluid accumulation which can be explained by a different cause for each side. Literature search finds, along with 5 new descriptions from our center, totaled 12 cases. A frequent combination is that of a parapneumonic effusion that triggers heart failure, which in turn produces a contralateral transudate. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2012;. © 2011 Society of Hospital Medicine

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