Trees, trust and the state: A comparison of participatory forest management in Pakistan and Tanzania



This paper attempts to analyse the trust, power relations and emerging conflicts as state and non-state actors try to adjust to their new roles in the perspective of participatory forest management initiatives in Pakistan and Tanzania. Based on historical and empirical context, we argue that the institutional base responsible for enhancing trust between state and local actors is rather weak in both countries. The major obstacles are that the state actors are not willing to fully devolve power; and the responsibility—as delegated by the state—of newly created institutions demands forest protection rather than defining management rights. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.