How does economic empowerment affect women's risk of intimate partner violence in low and middle income countries? A systematic review of published evidence




To identify whether individual and household economic empowerment is associated with lower intimate partner violence in low and middle income country settings.


Systematic PubMed and internet searches.


Published data from 41 sites were reviewed. Household assets and women's higher education were generally protective. Evidence about women's involvement in income generation and experience of past year violence was mixed, with five finding a protective association and six documenting a risk association.


At an individual and household level, economic development and poverty reduction may have protective impacts on IPV. Context specific factors influence whether financial autonomy is protective or associated with increased risk. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

This article was published online on 6 October 2008. Errors were subsequently identified. This notice is included in the online and print versions to indicate that both have been corrected [17 April 2009].