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Keywords:

  • health equity;
  • global health inequalities;
  • knowledge translation;
  • social determinants;
  • medical poverty trap;
  • burden of illness

Abstract

Knowledge translation represents an opportunity to redress global health inequalities. This paper first assesses models for how health inequalities are produced and sustained, including effects of catastrophic illness and globalisation. Secondly, this paper illustrates how methods for knowledge translation can be applied to reducing inequalities in health by ensuring the best evidence is applied when appropriate. Thirdly, the paper describes available databases and tools for monitoring effects of knowledge translation on global health inequalities. In particular, mapping methods for creating visual representations of changes in global health inequalities are useful for setting priorities for action and research. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.