Rethinking climate refugees and climate conflict: Rhetoric, reality and the politics of policy discourse
Article first published online: 23 FEB 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of International Development
Volume 22, Issue 2, pages 233–246, March 2010
How to Cite
Hartmann, B. (2010), Rethinking climate refugees and climate conflict: Rhetoric, reality and the politics of policy discourse. J. Int. Dev., 22: 233–246. doi: 10.1002/jid.1676
- Issue published online: 23 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 23 FEB 2010
- climate conflict;
- climate refugees;
- environmental conflict
This paper critically examines the perceived threat of ‘climate refugees’ and ‘climate conflict’. It locates the ideological roots of these concepts in development theories and policy narratives about demographically induced migration, environmental refugees and environmental security. While alarmist rhetoric around climate refugees and conflict has been deployed by a variety of actors, including U.N. agencies, development NGOs, national governments, security pundits and popular media, the paper concentrates on its strategic use by U.S. defence interests. It raises the question of how the portrayal of climate change as a security threat could further militarise the provision of development assistance and distort climate policy. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.