SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • growth;
  • multi-dimensional poverty;
  • legislative democracy;
  • sub-Sahara Africa

Abstract

We examine the consequence of legislative competition on the long-term impact of growth on three-dimensional poverty in a panel of 32 sub-Saharan African countries. A measure of this poverty is constructed from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)'s Human Development Index (HDI). Legislative competition is considered as inversely proportional to the proportion of parliamentary seats occupied by the major political party. From the results, one success story emerges—Ethiopia, where growth reduces poverty thanks to virtuous legislative democracy—and one failure story emerges—Republic of Congo, where growth increases poverty because of vicious legislative competition. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.