VIOLENCE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN COLOMBIAN CITIES: A DYNAMIC PANEL DATA ANALYSIS
Article first published online: 20 FEB 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of International Development
Volume 24, Issue 7, pages 809–827, October 2012
How to Cite
Cotte Poveda, A. (2012), VIOLENCE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN COLOMBIAN CITIES: A DYNAMIC PANEL DATA ANALYSIS. J. Int. Dev., 24: 809–827. doi: 10.1002/jid.2819
- Issue published online: 13 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 20 FEB 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 2 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 23 MAR 2010
- economic development;
- socio-political instability;
- panel data;
This paper studies the socio-economic determinants of violence in the seven most important cities in Colombia. Derived from theories rooted in classic works, including Becker's paradigm, criminal inertia, social disorganisation, urbanism and strain, we formulate several hypotheses on the socio-economic determinants of violence. To test these hypotheses, a dynamic panel data analysis is employed. The analysis shows that cities’ deprivation and high population density are strong predictors of homicide rates. Comparing the results among Colombian cities, we find support indicating that city-level homicide rates are influenced by the city's level of development. Moreover, we find evidence that economic growth, inequality, poverty and human capital influence violence in the cities studied, which could generate negative effects on the economic and social development of Colombia. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.