Work motivation and organizational citizenship behaviors

A field study

Authors


Abstract

This study tested the relationship between employees' sources of work motivation and their display of organizational citizenship behaviors. Two hundred thirty-nine employees from 38 locations of four companies in the agricultural industry completed the Motivation Sources Inventory and were rated by their leaders in organizational citizenship behaviors. Results showed significant positive relationships between individuals' self-concept internal motivations and organizational citizenship behaviors. Results also showed significant negative relationships between instrumental and self-concept external motivations and organizational citizenship behaviors. A hierarchical regression with each of the significant covariates accounted for 12% of the total variance in organizational citizenship behavior. These results indicate that employees' sources of motivation offer some explanation of their organizational citizenship behaviors. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.

Ancillary