Fine structure of the pyloric region and Malpighian papillae of protura (Insecta Apterygota)
Article first published online: 6 FEB 2005
Copyright © 1976 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Journal of Morphology
Volume 150, Issue 3, pages 727–761, November 1976
How to Cite
Dallai, R. (1976), Fine structure of the pyloric region and Malpighian papillae of protura (Insecta Apterygota). J. Morphol., 150: 727–761. doi: 10.1002/jmor.1051500307
- Issue published online: 6 FEB 2005
- Article first published online: 6 FEB 2005
The pyloric region of Eosentomon and Acerentomon (Insecta, Protura) is described. In both species the posterior cells of the midgut carry short microvilli. Beneath the epithelial cells there is a muscular pyloric sphincter for closing the intestinal lumen. Behind the sphincter is a wide pyloric chamber lined by cells with very long microvilli which point anteriorly toward the midgut. These cells regulate the passage of the intestinal contents into the hindgut. Secretions from the Malpighian papillae are emitted into the gut at this level. In Eosentomon three regions (R1, R2 and R3) are visible in the Malpighian papillae, whereas in Acerentomon region R1 is lacking. The R1 region contains secretory cells with elaborate glycoprotein-containing granules. The R2 region is composed of cells somewhat resembling the secretory cells of Malpighian tubules of insects. Presumably R1 and R2 cells emit secretions into the central cavity of each papilla. Cells of R3 form a duct for the secretion. It is suggested that the R2 region represents a basic excretory region, common to Protura, whereas the R1 region, in Eosentomon, may be a specialized area performing supplementary excretory functions.