Possible ctenophoran affinities of the precambrian “sea-pen” Rangea
Article first published online: 27 MAR 2002
Copyright © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Journal of Morphology
Volume 252, Issue 3, pages 315–334, June 2002
How to Cite
Dzik, J. (2002), Possible ctenophoran affinities of the precambrian “sea-pen” Rangea. J. Morphol., 252: 315–334. doi: 10.1002/jmor.1108
- Issue published online: 27 MAR 2002
- Article first published online: 27 MAR 2002
- Polish Committee of Scientific Research. Grant Number: 6 PO4D 010 13
- Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
- Burgess Shale;
The Namibian Kuibis Quartzite fossils of Rangea are preserved three-dimensionally owing to incomplete collapse of the soft tissues under the load of instantaneously deposited sand. The process of fossilization did not reproduce the original external morphology of the organism but rather the inner surface of collapsed organs, presumably a system of sacs connected by a medial canal. The body of Rangea had tetraradial symmetry, a body plan shared also by the White Sea Russian fossil Bomakellia and possibly some other Precambrian frond-like fossils. They all had a complex internal anatomy, smooth surface of the body, and radial membranes, making their alleged colonial nature unlikely. Despite a different style of preservation, the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale frond-like Thaumaptilon shows several anatomical similarities to Rangea. The body plan of the Burgess Shale ctenophore Fasciculus, with its numerous, pinnately arranged comb organs, is in many respects transitional between Thaumaptilon and the Early Cambrian ctenophore Maotianoascus from the Chengjiang fauna of South China. It is proposed that the irregularly distributed dark spots on the fusiform units of the petaloid of Thaumaptilon represent a kind of macrocilia and that the units are homologous with the ctenophoran comb organs. These superficial structures were underlain by the complex serial organs, well represented in the fossils of Rangea. The Precambrian “sea-pens” were thus probably sedentary ancestors of the ctenophores. J. Morphol. 252:315–334, 2002. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.