Spermiogenesis in the Australian cockatiel Nymphicus hollandicus

Authors

  • Erica M. Lovas,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Australia 4343
    2. School of Agriculture and Food Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Australia 4343
    • School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Australia 4343
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  • Lucio J. Filippich,

    1. School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Australia 4343
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  • Stephen D. Johnston

    1. School of Agriculture and Food Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Australia 4343
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Abstract

Information on the ultrastructure of parrot spermatids and spermatozoa is limited to only four species with no comprehensive study of spermiogenesis conducted within the order Psittaciformes. The present study was undertaken to describe the development of the cockatiel spermatid using electron microscopy. Four phases of spermatid maturation were documented on the basis of nuclear morphology, development of the acrosome, perforatorium, and axial filament. These phases included 1) round nuclei, 2) irregular nuclei, 3) elongated nuclei with granular chromatin, and 4) elongated nuclei with homogenous chromatin. While development of the cockatiel spermatid was comparable to that of other domestic avian species, we have noted the hollow nature of some chromatin granules, an abnormal formation of the axoneme, the absence of the fibrous sheath around the axoneme of the principal piece, and the absence of an annulus. J. Morphol. , 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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