Get access

Pectoral girdle and fin anatomy of Gogonasus andrewsae long, 1985: Implications for tetrapodomorph limb evolution



Recently discovered material has yielded new information on the pectoral girdle and fin endoskeleton of Gogonasusandrewsae (Frasnian Gogo Formation, Kimberley Region, Western Australia). These elements permit the first comprehensive description of the anocleithrum, cleithrum, scapulocoracoid, and lepidotrichia. New autapomorphies of Gogonasus include a square exposed region on the supracleithrum, an unusual knob-like process on the scapulocoracoid, a relatively small entepicondyle, and lepidotrichia with I-beam-shaped cross sections. Several poorly ossified regions on the scapulocoracoid and humerus indicate an early ontogenetic state, as with other immature tetrapodomorph fish specimens. A phylogenetic analysis indicates a more stemward position for Gogonasus in a weakly supported clade with other “osteolepidid” taxa, compared to other recent studies placing Gogonasus crownward of osteolepidid fishes and the Tristichopteridae, as the sister taxon to the “Elpistosteglia” + Tetrapoda. A phylogenetic position among megalichthyid fishes is suggested for Sterropterygion, while radiographs of the megalichthyid Cladarosymblema show a scythe-like radius terminating distally with that of the intermedium. New data on the scapulocoracoid of the rhizodontid Barameda reveals a coroacoid crest and small supraglenoid foramen. J. Morphol. 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.