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Keywords:

  • autoantibodies;
  • IgM purification;
  • monolith chromatography;
  • nucleic acid hydrolysis;
  • peptidase activity;
  • rheumatoid factor

Abstract

The IgM antibodies from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients' sera were screened for peptide hydrolyzing activity. Recovery of structurally intact IgM antibodies (Abs), in a single step, was achieved using a weak anion-exchange methacrylate monolith disk. The IgM Abs from patients' sera hydrolyzed the Pro-Phe-Arg-4-methyl-coumaryl-7-amide (PFR-MCA) substrate appreciably compared to the healthy donors. The apparent Km values of IgM Abs from patients' sera were between 0.4 and 0.7 mM. Furthermore, IgM Abs displayed 5 to 10-folds greater proteolysis activity than IgG Abs, recovered from the same pathological serum. The proteolysis activity, as a function, was found to be independent of IgM-RF titer value. Affinity labeling approach targeted at the catalytic site histidine was studied, using a specific irreversible inhibitor, N-α-tosyl-L-lysine chloromethyl ketone (TLCK). Despite modification of catalytic His, observation of serine protease like activity suggest presence of an atypical catalytic framework in a few pathological IgM Abs. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.