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Keywords:

  • jack bean urease (JBU);
  • Canavalia ensiformis;
  • IMAC;
  • cryogels;
  • PHEMAH

Jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis) is the source of interesting proteins that contribute to modern biochemistry, and urease is the primary of these proteins. Owing to its role and occurrence in nature, urease has become a part of extensive studies. In this study, jack bean urease (JBU) was purified by immobilized metal affinity chromatography using Cu2+ chelated poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate-N-methacryloyl-(l)-histidine methyl ester) [PHEMAH-Cu2+]–based cryogels. PHEMAH-Cu2+ cryogel was synthesized and characterized for swelling degree, morphology (by SEM), N-methacryloyl-(l)-histidine methyl ester and Cu2+ incorporation (by elemental analysis and atomic absorption spectrophotometry). The binding of JBU to PHEMAH-Cu2+ cryogel was optimized by examining the effect of pH, flow rate and JBU concentration on binding. The maximal binding of JBU was 23.2 mg/dry gram of adsorbent. The maximal binding of JBU extracted from jack bean meal was 67.8 mg/dry gram of adsorbent. The elution of JBU from cryogel column was accomplished by 1.0 M NaCl in 20 mM phosphate buffer (pH 8.0). Molecular weight and purity of JBU from jack bean meal was estimated by sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It was observed that JBU could be repeatedly bound and eluted from (PHEMAH)-Cu2+ cryogel with less than 10% loss in column capacity. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.