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Spiral K-space MR imaging of cortical activation

Authors

  • Douglas C. Noll PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Departments of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 200 Lothrop St. Pittsburgh. PA 15213
    2. Departments of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University. Pittsburgh, Pa
    • Departments of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 200 Lothrop St. Pittsburgh. PA 15213
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  • Jonathan D. Cohen MD,

    1. Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 200 Lothrop St. Pittsburgh. PA 15213
    2. Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University. Pittsburgh, Pa
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  • Craig H. Meyer MSEE,

    1. Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif
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  • Walter Schneider PhD

    1. Psychology. B-804 PUH, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 200 Lothrop St. Pittsburgh. PA 15213
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Abstract

Brain function can be mapped with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging sensitized to regional changes in blood oxygenation due to cortical activation. Several MR imaging methods, including conventional imaging and echo-planar imaging, have been successfully used for this purpose. The authors investigated spiral k-space MR imaging, implemented with an unmodified 1.5-T clinical imager, for imaging of cortical activation. A gradient-echo, spiral k-space imaging method was used to measure activation in the primary visual cortex (number sequence task), primary motor cortex (fist-clenching task), and prefrontal cortex (verbal fluency task). Comparison of conventional and spiral k-space imaging in the visual and motor cortex, in which signal-to-noise ratio, voxel size, and imaging time were matched, showed that artifacts were reduced with the spiral k-space method, while the area and degree of activation were similar. The number of sections that could be imaged in a fixed time interval was increased by a factor of four with this implementation of spiral k-space imaging compared with conventional imaging.

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