Presented at ISMRM, Oral Scientific Session, 2004.
Detection of acute renal ischemia in swine using blood oxygen level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging†
Article first published online: 15 AUG 2005
Copyright © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume 22, Issue 3, pages 347–353, September 2005
How to Cite
Alford, S. K., Sadowski, E. A., Unal, O., Polzin, J. A., Consigny, D. W., Korosec, F. R. and Grist, T. M. (2005), Detection of acute renal ischemia in swine using blood oxygen level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 22: 347–353. doi: 10.1002/jmri.20389
- Issue published online: 25 AUG 2005
- Article first published online: 15 AUG 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 MAY 2005
- Manuscript Received: 15 JUN 2004
- NIH. Grant Number: HL67029
- BOLD MRI;
- blood oxygenation;
- renal ischemia;
To determine the feasibility and sensitivity of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect acute renal ischemia, using a swine model, and to present the causes of variability and assess techniques that minimize variability introduced during data analysis.
Materials and Methods
BOLD MRI was performed in axial and coronal planes of the kidneys of five swine. Color R2* maps were calculated and mean R2* values and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the cortex and medulla were determined for baseline, renal artery occlusion and reperfusion conditions. Paired Student's t-tests were used to determine significance.
Mean R2* measurements increased from baseline during renal artery occlusion in the cortex (axial, 13.8–24.6 second−1; coronal, 14.4–24.7 second−1) and medulla (axial, 19.3–32.2 second−1; coronal, 20.1–30.7 second−1). These differences were significant for both the cortex (axial, P < 0.04; coronal, P < 0.005) and medulla (axial, P < 0.02; coronal, P < 0.0005). No significant change was observed in the contralateral kidney.
R2* values were significantly higher than baseline for medulla and cortex during renal artery occlusion. More variability exists in R2* measurements in the medulla than the cortex and in the axial than the coronal plane. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2005. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.