Assessment of diffusion-weighted MR imaging in liver fibrosis

Authors


Abstract

Purpose

To assess whether hepatic fibrosis is associated with a restriction in the diffusion of water that can be analyzed with diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) of the liver.

Materials and Methods

DWI was performed in 10 normal rats and 15 rats with liver fibrosis. Echo-planar DWI was performed in the living rats at 1.5 T and repeated immediately after the animals were killed. Afterwards the livers were explanted, fixed in Bouin solution, and imaged with a DW spin-echo sequence at 4.7 T. Fibrosis was quantified by densitometry on Sirius red-stained histological sections.

Results

In living rats the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) decreased with the severity of liver fibrosis (controls: 1535 ± 294 mm2/second; CCl4 (5 weeks) 1129 ± 273 mm2/second; CCl4 (9 weeks): 943 ± 132 mm2/second; P = 0.002). An inverse correlation between ADC and liver fibrosis volume density was observed (r = –0.712, P < 0.001). In contrast, these findings were not observed in the rats after they were killed or in the fixated livers.

Conclusion

Decreased ADC correlated with increased liver fibrosis in living rats, but not after death. These results suggest that restricted water diffusion cannot be assessed by DWI in liver fibrosis. Other factors, such as a decrease of perfusion, may explain the decrease of the hepatic ADC measured in vivo in rats with liver fibrosis. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2007. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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