Changes in knee cartilage T2 values over 24 months in subjects with and without risk factors for knee osteoarthritis and their association with focal knee lesions at baseline: Data from the osteoarthritis initiative

Authors

  • Thomas Baum MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    • Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, 185 Berry Street, Suite 350, San Francisco, CA 94107
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  • Christoph Stehling MD,

    1. Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    2. Institut für Klinische Radiologie, Universitätsklinikum Münster, Münster, Germany
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  • Gabby B. Joseph PhD,

    1. Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Julio Carballido-Gamio PhD,

    1. Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Benedikt J. Schwaiger MD,

    1. Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Christina Müller-Höcker MD,

    1. Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Michael C. Nevitt PhD,

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • John Lynch PhD,

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Charles E. McCulloch PhD,

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Thomas M. Link MD

    1. Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • The first two authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Purpose:

To examine the changes in knee cartilage T2 values over 24 months in subjects with and without risk factors for knee osteoarthritis (OA) and their association with focal knee lesions at baseline.

Materials and Methods:

Forty-one subjects without and 101 subjects with OA risk factors (such as history of knee injury or surgery) were selected from the Osteoarthritis Initiative database (age: 45–55 years, no radiographic OA in the right knee). Baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the right knee were assessed for prevalence and grade of focal knee lesions. Right knee cartilage T2 measurements were performed in five compartments (patella, medial/lateral femur/tibia) at baseline and at 24-month follow-up.

Results:

Compared to subjects without OA risk factors, those with OA risk factors showed no significant differences in baseline prevalence and grade of focal knee lesions (P > .05), but had significantly higher T2 values in the medial femur compartment at both timepoints (P < 0.05). T2 values averaged over all five compartments increased significantly over 24 months in both groups, but differences in T2 increase between the groups were not significant. Subjects with cartilage lesions showed significantly higher T2 values compared to subjects without cartilage lesions at both timepoints, but no accelerated T2 increase over 24 months (P > 0.05).

Conclusion:

Cartilage T2 values significantly increased over 24 months in subjects with and without OA risk factors, but neither the presence of OA risk factors nor the presence of cartilage lesions at baseline were associated with these T2 increases. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2012;370-378. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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