The objective of this review is to highlight the major imaging characteristics of the main soft-tissue sarcoma histotypes observed in the group “Sarcomi” of the Istituto Oncologico Veneto in the last 5 years. A literature review was performed using PubMed and textbooks. Radiological imaging can guide the diagnosis for the subset of lesions that have typical clinical and imaging features. Soft-tissue tumors are common in clinical practice and a systematic clinical and imaging approach may guide the diagnosis. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;37:791–804. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.